Ivar Guldvog

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BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether a 1-month regimen of postoperative radiotherapy combined with 5-fluorouracil could reduce the local recurrence rate and improve survival in patients with Dukes B and C rectal cancer. METHODS One hundred and forty-four patients were randomized to surgery alone or surgery combined with(More)
BACKGROUND Differences in expression of disease after infection with Helicobacter pylori have so far been connected with host factors and bacterial interstrain variation. In this study, spontaneous and ecology-mediated intrastrain variation was examined. METHODS Four clinical isolates of H. pylori were shown to give rise to two colony forms. Bacterial(More)
Twelve healthy subjects were exposed to a 4-day period of hard physical exercise, calorie supply deficiency, and severe sleep deprivation. The basal acid output (BAO), the sham-feeding-induced acid output (MAOsh), and the pentagastrin-stimulated acid output (MAOpg) were measured immediately after this stress period and in a control experiment performed(More)
We have compared the instantaneous mean blood velocity measured transcutaneously from total cross-sections of arteries in dogs by the use of a new pulsed heterodyne ultrasound doppler equipment, with instantaneous blood flow as measured simultaneously by an electromagnetic flowmeter applied on the exposed vessels. The experiments were performed on the(More)
Five Labrador retrievers provided with one vagally innervated and one denervated pouch were given graded doses of food composed of liver, heart and bonemeal to make dose/response curves of food-stimulated gastric secretion. A constant ranitidine infusion resulted in a decreased inhibition of acid output as the physiological stimulation increased both in the(More)
Aldosterone is a kaliuretic hormone. It is also widely believed to be instrumental for physiological renal sodium sparing. How, then, can mammals respond to incipient dehydration or low sodium intake without inappropriate potassium loss? To study this problem angiotensin II (A II) was infused intravenously in six dogs. The dose rate was 10 ng per kg per(More)
The effect of dopamine, 0.006, 0.12, 1.2, and 2.4 mg X kg-1 X h1, and the dopamine antagonist sulpiride on postprandial pancreatic polypeptide (PP) release has been studied in dogs. Dopamine reduced PP release, the reduction ranging between 28% and 97% of the integrated PP response after food. The inhibition obtained with dopamine, 0.12 and 2.4 mg X kg-1 X(More)
The influence of adrenergic agonists--phenylephrine (alpha), isoproterenol (beta), and salbutamol (beta 2)--and of adrenergic blockers--phentolamine (alpha), pranolol (beta), and practolol (beta 1)--on the postprandial pancreatic polypeptide (PP) release has been assessed in five Labrador retrievers. Infusions of phenylephrine, 0.12 mg kg-1h-1;(More)
The present studies were performed on a double-pouch dog with one vagally innervated Amdrup pouch (AP) and one denervated Heidenhain pouch (HP), allowing comparison of pepsin secretion from innervated and denervated mucosa at the same time in the same animal. 'Non-active' secretion of pepsin was determined by instillation in the pouches of 0.1 M and 0.005 M(More)
Twenty-four patients with carcinoma of the anus were treated with a combined regimen of external irradiation (50 Gy) and mitomycin C and 5-fluorouracil. A relatively large number of patients with locally advanced disease were included. A local complete response rate of 87.5% was obtained. The major acute toxicity was dermatitis/mucositis, necessitating a(More)