Ivane Chachkhiani

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The objective of the present report was to clarify the postoperative stress response of some inflammatory markers, namely of proinflammatory cytokines and leptin levels during uncomplicated postoperative periods. The results were compared with the dynamics of these parameters during intraabdominal sepsis. We followed 20 patients after a planned resection of(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin is a hormone that regulates food intake; its concentrations are elevated in the majority of obese individuals. During inflammation, plasma leptin is usually increased and may contribute to the anorexia and cachexia of infection. The purpose of this study was to characterize the dynamics of circulating leptin in the early postoperative(More)
UNLABELLED The dynamic changes in levels of procalcitonin (PCT), as well as other cytokines and acute phase proteins (APP) in post-operative stages reflect the systemic immune response, integrating perioperative infectious and non-infectious stimuli. This study evaluates PCT in context of 16 other inflammatory parameters in patients with different types of(More)
Early diagnosis of peritoneal inflammation in the initial stage with equivocal clinical manifestations is not always simple. At present there are in the literature many new laboratory indicators which to a different extent describe the inflammatory process. In the present paper the authors focused attention on the practical importance of the use of(More)
Postoperative immunosuppression reflects non-specific neurohumoral stress responses to surgical trauma. Surgical stress in the early stage is characterised by a dysbalance of the adrenocortical response, the index of the formation of glucocorticoids and dehydroepiandrosterone is shifted to the glucocorticoids. This non-specific hormonal response has an(More)
UNLABELLED The common basis of systemic inflammatory response to surgical trauma is the activation of cytokine cascade, accompanied by the release of soluble cytokine receptors. The main cytokine axis stimulates the release of acute phase proteins (APP) form liver, modulates metabolic pathways and hormonal responses. The aim of this study was to assess(More)
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome and the resulting complications continue to be important causes of morbidity in surgical patients. A favourable prognosis of patients with postoperative inflammatory intraabdominal complications is limited by forwardness if diagnosis of this severe complication. Cytokines play a significant role not only in regulating(More)
Percutaneous electrogastrography (EGG) is a non-invasive measuring method of gastric myoelectrical activity. We measured myoelectrical activity patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (16 patients), after laparotomic cholecystectomy (9 patients) and after gastric bandage (14 patients). We used a Microdigitrapper (Medtronic) and data were analysed with a(More)
UNLABELLED Leptin is a hormone and acute phase reactant with multiple effects during both rest and inflammatory period. Effects of leptin in acute phase response cover a modulation of hypothalamo-pituitoadrenal (HPA) axis, too. In our study we evaluate the dynamics of leptin and glucocorticoid acute changes in model situations of infectious and(More)
Percutaneous electrogastrography (EGG) is a method which makes non-invasive follow-up of the myoelectric gastric activity possible. The authors present the results of assessment of the myoelectric gastric activity during the perioperative period in patients undergoing, at the First Surgical Clinic General Faculty Hospital, laparoscopic non-adjustable(More)
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