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Two dissimilar seryl-transfer RNA (tRNA) synthetases (SerRSs) exist in Methanosarcina barkeri, one of bacterial type and the other resembling SerRSs present only in some methanogenic archaea. To investigate the requirements of these enzymes for tRNASer recognition, serylation of variant transcripts of M. barkeri tRNASer was kinetically analyzed in vitro(More)
Methanogenic archaea possess unusual seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS), evolutionarily distinct from the SerRSs found in other archaea, eucaryotes and bacteria. The two types of SerRSs show only minimal sequence similarity, primarily within class II conserved motifs 1, 2 and 3. Here, we report a 2.5 A resolution crystal structure of the atypical methanogenic(More)
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, a group of enzymes catalyzing aminoacyl-tRNA formation, may possess inherent editing activity to clear mistakes arising through the selection of non-cognate amino acid. It is generally assumed that both editing substrates, non-cognate aminoacyl-adenylate and misacylated tRNA, are hydrolyzed at the same editing domain, distant(More)
The interaction of Saccharomyces cerevisiae seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS) with peroxin Pex21p was identified in a two-hybrid screen with SerRS as bait. This was confirmed by an in vitro binding assay with truncated Pex21p fused to glutathione S-transferase. Furthermore, purified Pex21p acts as an activator of yeast seryl-tRNA synthetase in aminoacylation in(More)
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are ancient and evolutionary conserved enzymes catalyzing the formation of aminoacyl-tRNAs, that are used as substrates for ribosomal protein biosynthesis. In addition to full length aaRS genes, genomes of many organisms are sprinkled with truncated genes encoding single-domain aaRS-like proteins, which often have(More)
Translation of mRNA into proteins by the ribosome is universally conserved in all cellular life. The composition and complexity of the translation machinery differ markedly between the three domains of life. Organisms from the domain Archaea show an intermediate level of complexity, sharing several additional components of the translation machinery with(More)
The methanogenic archaea Methanococcus jannaschii and M. maripaludis contain an atypical seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS), which recognizes eukaryotic and bacterial tRNAsSer, in addition to the homologous tRNASer and tRNASec species. The relative flexibility in tRNA recognition displayed by methanogenic SerRSs, shown by aminoacylation and gel mobility shift(More)
Seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS) from methanogenic archaeon Methanosarcina barkeri, contains an idiosyncratic N-terminal domain, composed of an antiparallel beta-sheet capped by a helical bundle, connected to the catalytic core by a short linker peptide. It is very different from the coiled-coil tRNA binding domain in bacterial-type SerRS. Because the crystal(More)
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) play a critical role in translation and are thus required in three plant protein-synthesizing compartments: cytosol, mitochondria and plastids. A systematic study had previously shown extensive sharing of organellar AARSs from Arabidopsis thaliana, mostly between mitochondria and chloroplasts. However, distribution of(More)