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OBJECTIVE In the present study we compared the effects of treatment with the AT1 receptor antagonist candesartan and of 'triple therapy' (hydralazine, hydrochlorothiazide, reserpine) on the course of blood pressure, cardiac hypertrophy and angiotensin II concentrations after induction of hypertension in transgenic rats with inducible expression of the mouse(More)
AIM Increased potassium intake attenuates the development of salt-dependent hypertension, but the detailed mechanisms of blood pressure (BP) reduction are still unclear. The aims of our study were (i) to elucidate these mechanisms, (ii) to compare preventive potassium effects in immature and adult animals and (iii) to evaluate the therapeutic effects of(More)
1. Hypertension plays a critical role in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), but it has also been postulated that antihypertensive drugs that block the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) show class-specific renoprotective actions beyond their blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects. 2. Because this notion has recently(More)
The effects of the human renin inhibitor aliskiren on blood pressure (BP), end-organ damage, proteinuria, and tissue and plasma angiotensin (ANG) II levels in young and adult heterozygous Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR) were evaluated and compared with the effect of the ANG type 1 (AT(1)) receptor blocker losartan during treatment and after 12 days after the(More)
We have recently found in male homozygous hypertensive Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGRs) fed a high-salt diet that early onset selective endothelin (ET) A (ET(A)) or nonselective ET(A)/ET B (ET(B)) receptor blockade improved survival rate and reduced proteinuria, glomerulosclerosis, and cardiac hypertrophy, whereas selective ET(A) receptor blockade also(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of inhibition of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) activity by 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT) and by CoCl(2), first, on the development of hypertension when treatment was started in young male heterozygous Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR) and, second, on blood pressure (BP) when treatment was started in adult TGR with(More)
Hypertension is one of the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, but after a century of clinical and basic research, the discrete etiology of this disease is still not fully understood. One reason is that blood pressure is a quantitative trait with multifactorial determination. Numerous genes, environmental factors as well as epigenetic factors(More)
We found previously that selective blockade of endothelin ETA receptors is superior to nonselective ET(A)/ET(B) in attenuating hypertension and survival rate in Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR). In the present pilot study, we were interested in whether similar effects will be found in TGR with inducible malignant hypertension (iTGR; official strain name(More)
discussed the possibilities of mutual cooperation between physiologists and geneticists in the research of causes and mechanisms of genetic hypertension. Two years have elapsed and the genes important for the development of essential hypertension or genetic hypertension of the rat still remain to be identified. In the present article " The phenotypic(More)
Recent studies have shown that the renal CYP450 (cytochrome P450) metabolites of AA (arachidonic acid), the vasoconstrictor 20-HETE (20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid) and the vasodilator EETs (epoxyeicosatrienoic acids), play an important role in the pathophysiology of AngII (angiotensin II)-dependent forms of hypertension and the associated target organ(More)