Ivana Pešić-Pavlović

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In Serbia, the first cases of HIV infection were reported in 1985, whereas antiretroviral (ARV) therapy has been in use since 1987. With this study we aimed to assess the occurrence and pattern of HIV resistance mutations among newly diagnosed patients in the period 2002-2011. The study prospectively included 181 adult patients. Genotypic HIV-1 drug(More)
Worldwide HIV-1 pandemic is becoming increasingly complex, with growing heterogeneity of subtypes and recombinant viruses. Previous studies have documented HIV-1 subtype B as the predominant one in Serbia, with limited presence and genetic diversity of non B subtypes. In recent years, MSM transmission has become the most frequently reported risk for HIV(More)
To examine the prognosis of patients who present with very advanced HIV-induced immunodeficiency, and their response to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a series of 101 treatment naïve patients from the Serbian cohort of HIV infected patients, who presented with a CD4 count of </= 50/microL before commencing HAART, was retrospectively analyzed(More)
Amino acid (aa) substitutions at position 245 of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) have been described to be associated to the presence of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)–B*5701 allele in the host, in particular in subtype B infection. Preliminary data show HLA–B*5701 prevalence of around 6.5% in Serbian population. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Abacavir is an effective antiretroviral drug and one of the most commonly used nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in Serbia. А percentage of the treated patients experience a potentially life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction, which was shown to be associated with the presence of the class I MHC allele, HLA-B*57:01; hence genotyping for(More)
INTRODUCTION About one quarter of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected persons in Serbia have also been found to be hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected. In the general population, HCV genotype 1 has been shown to be the most prevalent one. Here, we present the first study on the distribution of HCV genotypes among HIV/HCV co-infected patients in(More)
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most common human bacterial infections with prevalence rates between 10-80% depending upon geographical location, age and socioeconomic status. H. pylori is commonly found in patients complaining of dyspepsia and is a common cause of gastritis. During the course of their infection, people living with HIV (PLHIV)(More)
O1 HIV-1 diversity in Bulgaria (current molecular epidemiological picture) Ivailo Alexiev, Reneta Dimitrova, Anna Gancheva, Asya Kostadinova, Mariyana Stoycheva, Daniela Nikolova, Ivaylo Elenkov National HIV Reference Laboratory, National Center of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Sofia, Bulgaria; Department of Infectious Diseases, Medical University,(More)
Phylogenetic analysis may serve as a valuable tool in assessing the epidemiological relation between viral DNA sequences. In order to increase the likelihood of observing phylogenetic separation of sequences as well as to give strong forensic evidence regarding transmission, phylogenetic analysis needs to be performed on appropriate local control sequences(More)
Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) between individuals may have important legal implications and therefore may come to require forensic investigation based upon phylogenetic analysis. In criminal trials results of phylogenetic analyses have been used as evidence of responsibility for HIV transmission. In Serbia, as in many countries(More)
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