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Galectin-3, a β galactoside-binding lectin, plays an important role in the processes relevant to tumorigenesis such as malignant cell transformation, invasion and metastasis. We have investigated whether deletion of Galectin-3 in the host affects the metastasis of B16F1 malignant melanoma. Galectin-3-deficient (Gal-3(-/-)) mice are more resistant to(More)
Pathogen-derived products have the capacity to induce maturation of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs)into populations of effectors cells that polarize Th cells toward Th1 or Th2 phenotype via different mechanisms. Since those mechanisms are not entirely clear for helminths, and almost completely unknown for Trichinella spiralis(TS), we started an(More)
UNLABELLED The development and progression of periapical dental lesions, mediated by the specific immune response, are poorly understood. In these processes, an interplay of different proinflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokines is of crucial importance. OBJECTIVES To examine the activation of T helper 1 (Th1) and Th2 immune responses in 25 human(More)
Parasitic nematode Trichinella spiralis exert immunomodulatory effect on the host immune response through excretory-secretory products (ES L1) released from the encysted muscle larvae. Rat bone-marrow derived dendritic cells (DCs) stimulated with ES L1 antigens acquire semi-matured status and induce Th2 and regulatory responses in vitro and in vivo. Priming(More)
The parasitic nematode, Trichinella spiralis (T. spiralis), exerts an immunomodulatory effect on the host immune response through excretory–secretory products (ES L1) released from encysted muscle larvae. Our model of combined T. spiralis infection and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in Dark Agouti (DA) rats demonstrated a significant(More)
AIM To analyse phenotypic characteristics of antigen-presenting cells (APC), isolated from human periapical lesions by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. METHODOLOGY Sixteen periapical lesions were digested for 15 min with 0.05% collagenase. Mononuclear cells, separated from other inflammatory cells by density centrifugation, were processed for flow(More)
Langerhans' cells (LCs) represent a specific subset of dendritic cells (DCs) which are important for detecting and processing pathogens that penetrate the skin and epithelial barriers. The aim of our study was to explain what makes their in vitro counterparts - monocyte-derived Langerhans'-like cells (MoLCs) - unique compared with monocyte-derived dendritic(More)
Fluoroaluminate is a G-protein activator, it stimulates osteoblastic cells in culture, and is a bone-forming agent in vivo. To elucidate the mechanisms of G-protein-mediated action of fluoroaluminate in osteoblasts, we studied protein tyrosine phosphorylation in the preosteoblastic cell line MC3T3-E1. Fluoroaluminate, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA; an agonist(More)
Recently, a guanosine analog, 7-allyl-7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-guanosine (loxoribine), has been identified as a selective Toll-like receptor (TLR)7 agonist. Bearing in mind the controversy regarding the expression of TLR7 by human myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) and its significance for functions of these cells, the goal of this study was to investigate the effect(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic aneurysm is considered an atherosclerosis-related disease, but the mechanisms underlying abdominal aortic aneurysm remain poorly defined. Despite the large number of cytokines identified in an aneurysm sample, the relative importance of particular cytokines in aneurysm formation is unknown. We have studied the production of(More)