Ivana Gribaudo

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INTRODUCTION RNA quality and integrity are critical for many studies in plant molecular biology. High-quality RNA extraction from grapevine and other woody plants is problematic due to the presence of polysaccharides, polyphenolics and other compounds that bind or co-precipitate with the RNA. OBJECTIVE To develop an optimised cetyltrimethylammonium(More)
ABSTRACT A multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (mRT-PCR) was developed for simultaneous detection of nine grapevine viruses: Arabis mosaic virus, Grapevine fanleaf virus, Grapevine virus A, Grapevine virus B, Rupestris stem pitting-associated virus, Grapevine fleck virus, Grapevine leafroll-associated virus-1, -2, and -3, in(More)
Genetic transformation has emerged as a powerful tool for genetic improvement of fruit trees hindered by their reproductive biology and their high levels of heterozygosity. For years, genetic engineering of fruit trees has focussed principally on enhancing disease resistance (against viruses, fungi, and bacteria), although there are few examples of field(More)
A novel method for initiating somatic embryogenesis in grapevine, based on immature whole flower culture, is presented. The embryogenic competence of flowers was compared to that of anthers and ovaries, the most widely used explant types, for five grapevine cultivars. Both the genotype and the explant source affected the differentiation of somatic embryos.(More)
Grape berries of Muscat cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.) contain high levels of monoterpenols and exhibit a distinct aroma related to this composition of volatiles. A structural gene of the plastidial methyl-erythritol-phosphate (MEP) pathway, 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (VvDXS), was recently suggested as a candidate gene for this trait, having(More)
A collection of 127 putatively transgenic individuals of Vitis vinifera cv. Russalka was characterized by PCR and Southern hybridization. Six different constructs containing the neomycin phosphotransferase (nptII) marker gene and sequences of the Grapevine Fanleaf Virus Coat Protein (GFLV CP) gene including non-translatable and truncated forms were(More)
T-DNA integration patterns in 49 transgenic grapevines produced via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation were analyzed. Inverse PCR (iPCR) was performed to identify T-DNA/plant junctions. Sequence comparison revealed several deletions in the T-DNA right border (RB) and left border (LB), and filler DNA and duplications or deletions of grapevine DNA at the(More)
Different cultivars of Vitis vinifera vary in their potential to form embryogenic tissues. The WUSCHEL (WUS)-related homeobox (WOX) genes have been shown to play an important role in coordinating the gene transcription involved in the early phases of embryogenesis. The expression dynamics of 12 VvWOX genes present in the V. vinifera genome in embryogenic(More)
The distribution of some grapevine viruses in flower explants, embryogenic and non-embryogenic calli, single somatic embryos and plants regenerated from embryogenic cultures was investigated by RT-PCR and ELISA. Immature anthers and ovaries of the cultivars Grignolino infected by GRSPaV, GLRaV-1 and GVA, Müller-Thurgau infected by GRSPaV and GLRaV-3 and(More)
Indirect somatic embryogenesis is effective at eliminating the most important viruses affecting grapevines. Accordingly, this technique was tested as a method for eradicating two widespread viroids, Grapevine yellow speckle viroid 1 (GYSVd-1) and Hop stunt viroid (HSVd), from four grapevine cultivars. Both viroids were detected by RT-PCR in grapevine floral(More)