Ivana Bjedov

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The evolutionary significance of stress-induced mutagenesis was evaluated by studying mutagenesis in aging colonies (MAC) of Escherichia coli natural isolates. A large fraction of isolates exhibited a strong MAC, and the high MAC variability reflected the diversity of selective pressures in ecological niches. MAC depends on starvation, oxygen, and RpoS and(More)
Escherichia coli PolIV, a DNA polymerase capable of catalyzing synthesis past replication-blocking DNA lesions, belongs to the most ubiquitous branch of Y-family DNA polymerases. The goal of this study is to identify spontaneous DNA damage that is bypassed specifically and accurately by PolIV in vivo. We increased the amount of spontaneous DNA lesions using(More)
High fidelity replicative DNA polymerases can be blocked during DNA replication by various base damages, which represents a potentially lethal event. Escherichia coli possesses three DNA polymerases, PolII, PolIV and PolV, that can continue replication over such lesions in template DNA, thus allowing for cell survival. Genes coding for these enzymes, polB,(More)
The effects of explant source, medium composition and growth regulators were examined in order to optimize the induction and selection of fast growing callus lines of European yew (Taxus baccata L. Washingtonii). Callus cultures were induced from isolated mature zygotic embryos or from segments of juvenile branches. Following two months of growth on(More)
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