Ivan Vrhovec

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None of the established prognostic factors in breast cancer (BC) is able to determine the final outcome with certainity. Tumor biological factors involved in tumor invasion and metastasis, such as cathepsins and proteins of u-PA system, have been put forward in the recent literature as strong novel prognostic factors in BC. We therefore evaluated prognostic(More)
In cytosols of tumour and normal tissue of 53 patients suffering from head and neck carcinoma cathepsins D, B, H and L were measured using quantitative immunoreactive assays (ELISA). The values of cathepsins D, B and L were significantly higher in tumour tissue, whereas cathepsin H concentration was lower in tumour than in normal tissue. Median cathepsin D(More)
The levels of cathepsins (Cats) B, H, and L and their inhibitors stefin A and cystatin C were determined in the sera of 43 patients with metastatic melanoma, in 54 patients with treated cutaneous melanoma with no evidence of metastatic disease, and in 30 healthy blood donors, using quantitative ELISAs. The levels of Cats B and H and cystatin C were(More)
Concentrations of cathepsins A, D and stefins A and B were measured in primary tumor and adjacent normal tissue of 25 patients with laryngeal carcinoma. Median concentrations of both cathepsins and that of stefin B were significantly higher in tumor tissue than in their normal counterparts (cathepsins B and D, P < 0.0001; stefin B, P = 0.01), indicating(More)
Cysteine proteinases cathepsin (Cath) B and L and their endogenous inhibitors stefin (Stef) A and B concentrations were measured using a quantitative immunosorbent assay (ELISA; KRKA d.d., Novo mesto, Slovenia) in serum samples from 35 patients with primary and 7 patients with recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), obtained at(More)
A sensitive, specific and accurate direct radioimmunoassay of testosterone in human saliva is described. A single salivary testosterone result is shown to be of greater diagnostic use in hirsutism than any of the currently used serum androgen assays. Thus, of 50 hirsute patients, salivary testosterone (Sa-T) was elevated in 34 patients, sex hormone-binding(More)
Cysteine, serine and metalloproteinases and their respective inhibitors are involved in tumor cell invasion and may have prognostic value for the outcome of malignant disease. The aim of the study was to compare the expression of new potential biological tumor markers, the lysosomal cysteine proteinases and their endogenous inhibitors, with that of the(More)
To estimate the prognostic value of cathepsins B, H, L, D and stefins A and B in head and neck carcinoma, their concentrations in cytosols of primary tumours and adjacent normal tissue were measured (cathepsins B, D stefins A, B in 45, cathepsin L in 24 and cathepsin H in 21 patients). Median concentrations of cathepsins B, L, and D were significantly(More)
The clinical determination of proteases which are involved in carcinogenesis, invasion and metastasis may contribute to the detection of the early stage of disease, and to the prognostic assessment of patients with the cancer. The aim of the present study was to determine the level of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor(More)