Ivan Vrhovec

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Cysteine proteinases cathepsins (Cats) B and L and their endogenous inhibitors stefins (Stefs) A and B are implicated in the processes of local and metastatic tumor spread. They were identified as potential prognosticators in various malignant diseases, particularly in breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to determine the concentrations of Cats B(More)
The present study on the prognostic and predictive value of serine proteases was conducted in 460 early breast cancer patients mostly treated with some kind of adjuvant systemic therapy: 156 received chemotherapy, 141 hormone therapy and 111 a combination of both. Already in univariate analysis PAI-1 was the only proteolytic factor with a significant impact(More)
The levels of cathepsins (Cats) B, H, and L and their inhibitors stefin A and cystatin C were determined in the sera of 43 patients with metastatic melanoma, in 54 patients with treated cutaneous melanoma with no evidence of metastatic disease, and in 30 healthy blood donors, using quantitative ELISAs. The levels of Cats B and H and cystatin C were(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a membrane protein that was originally found to be involved in the efflux of cytotoxic drugs out of the tumor cells, is also present in a variety of normal human and animal tissues, such as the adrenal cortex. The function of P-gp in the adrenal cortex has not been defined yet. The aim of our study was to determine whether the(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitors type 1 (PAI-1) and type 2 (PAI-2) are considered to have a key role in the process of invasion and metastasis. We investigated the differences in uPA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 concentrations in primary cutaneous melanoma and normal skin and correlations with well-established melanoma prognostic(More)
The aim of this study was to determine urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) concentrations in tumour and adjacent normal tissue samples from 58 patients, and in serum samples from 40 of 58 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck obtained at diagnosis and after completion of therapy.(More)
In cytosols of tumour and normal tissue of 53 patients suffering from head and neck carcinoma cathepsins D, B, H and L were measured using quantitative immunoreactive assays (ELISA). The values of cathepsins D, B and L were significantly higher in tumour tissue, whereas cathepsin H concentration was lower in tumour than in normal tissue. Median cathepsin D(More)
Concentrations of cathepsins A, D and stefins A and B were measured in primary tumor and adjacent normal tissue of 25 patients with laryngeal carcinoma. Median concentrations of both cathepsins and that of stefin B were significantly higher in tumor tissue than in their normal counterparts (cathepsins B and D,P < 0.0001; stefin B,P = 0.01), indicating their(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), its inhibitors (PAI-1 and PAI-2), and its receptor (uPAR) play a key role in tumor invasion and metastasis. This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic impact of uPA, PAI-1, PAI-2, and uPAR and the combination of these factors in a group of 460 primary breast cancer patients. Concentrations of all 4(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the adrenal gland. It has been presumed that P-gp, rather than being involved in physiological cortisol secretion, plays a role in protecting the adrenacortical cells from xenobiotics. To explore this a study was performed on perfused bovine adrenal glands. Individual experimental(More)