Ivan V. Polozov

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We use (2)H-NMR, (1)H-MAS NMR, and fluorescence microscopy to detect immiscibility in three particular phospholipid ratios mixed with 30% cholesterol: 2:1 DOPC/DPPC, 1:1 DOPC/DPPC, and 1:2 DOPC/DPPC. Large-scale (>>160 nm) phase separation into liquid-ordered (L(o)) and liquid-crystalline (L(alpha)) phases is observed by both NMR and fluorescence(More)
Insufficient supply to the developing brain of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n3, DHA), or its omega-3 fatty acid precursors, results in replacement of DHA with docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n6, DPA), an omega-6 fatty acid that is lacking a double bond near the chain's methyl end. We investigated membranes of(More)
Using linewidth and spinning sideband intensities of lipid hydrocarbon chain resonances in proton magic angle spinning NMR spectra, we detected the temperature-dependent phase state of naturally occurring lipids of intact influenza virus without exogenous probes. Increasingly, below 41 degrees C ordered and disordered lipid domains coexisted for the viral(More)
We studied the kinetics and equilibrium membrane binding of two amphipathic alpha-helical peptides: the 18L peptide, which belongs to the class L (lytic peptides), and the Ac-18A-NH2 peptide of the class A (apolipoprotein), according to classification of Segrest et al. ((1990) Proteins, 8, 103-117). Both for cationic 18L and zwitterionic Ac-18A-NH2, the(More)
Methods for detection of lateral domains by solid-state 2H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and 1H magic angle spinning (MAS)-NMR in model- and biomembranes are presented. 2H NMR has been used for decades to distinguish between liquid-ordered and solid-ordered lamellar phases of phospholipids with deuterated hydrocarbon chains. More recently, it was shown(More)
A method to isolate large quantities of directly accessible plasma membrane from attached cells is presented. The method is based on the adhesion of cells to an adsorbed layer of polylysine on glass plates, followed by hypotonic lysis with ice-cold distilled water and subsequent washing steps. Optimal conditions for coating glass plates and time for cell(More)
The mechanism of action of lytic peptides on membranes is widely studied and is important in view of potential medical applications. Previously (I. V. Polozov, A. I. Polozova, E. M. Tytler, G. M. Anantharamaiah, J. P. Segrest, G. A. Woolley, and R. M., Biochemistry, 36:9237--9245) we analyzed the mechanism of membrane permeabilization by 18L, the archetype(More)
We investigated if magic angle spinning (MAS) 1H NMR can be used as a tool for detection of liquid-ordered domains (rafts) in membranes. In experiments with the lipids SOPC, DOPC, DPPC, and cholesterol we demonstrated that 1H MAS NMR spectra of liquid-ordered domains (lo) are distinctly different from liquid-disordered (ld) and solid-ordered (so) membrane(More)
Magainins and other antimicrobial peptides increase ion flux across the membrane. They may do this by forming some type of pore or by perturbing lipid organization due to peptide lying on the bilayer surface. In order to determine if magainins perturb the lipid sufficiently to permeabilize the bilayer, their effect on the motion of fatty acid and lipid spin(More)