Ivan V Krivega

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Distal enhancers commonly contact target promoters via chromatin looping. In erythroid cells, the locus control region (LCR) contacts β-type globin genes in a developmental stage-specific manner to stimulate transcription. Previously, we induced LCR-promoter looping by tethering the self-association domain (SA) of Ldb1 to the β-globin promoter via(More)
POU homeodomain proteins are important regulators of ubiquitous as well as tissue-specific transcription. Ubiquitously expressed Oct-1 and tissue-specific Oct-2 proteins are members of the POU family and contain very similar DNA-binding POU domains. While Oct-1 is ubiquitous, Oct-2 is predominantly expressed in B cells, in activated T cells and in nervous(More)
Induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) production in adult erythrocytes can reduce the severity of sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia. Transcription of β-globin genes is regulated by the distant locus control region (LCR), which is brought into direct gene contact by the LDB1/GATA-1/TAL1/LMO2-containing complex. Inhibition of G9a H3K9 methyltransferase by(More)
Many questions remain about how close association of genes and distant enhancers occurs and how this is linked to transcription activation. In erythroid cells, lim domain binding 1 (LDB1) protein is recruited to the β-globin locus via LMO2 and is required for looping of the β-globin locus control region (LCR) to the active β-globin promoter. We show that(More)
Chromatin insulators block the action of transcriptional enhancers when interposed between an enhancer and a promoter. An Flp technology was used to examine interactions between Drosophila gypsy and Wari insulators in somatic and germ cells. The gypsy insulator consists of 12 binding sites for the Su(Hw) protein, while the endogenous Wari insulator, located(More)
The ubiquitous transcription factor Oct-1 is a member of the POU domain family of regulatory proteins. Target genes controlled by Oct-1 include housekeeping genes, e.g. the genes encoding histon H2B or snRNAs, as well as tissue-specific genes, e.g. the genes encoding the light and heavy chains of immunoglobulines, some interleukins, and others. Oct-1(More)
In metazoans, enhancers of gene transcription must often exert their effects over tens of kilobases of DNA. Over the past decade it has become clear that to do this, enhancers come into close proximity with target promoters with the looping away of intervening sequences. In a few cases proteins that are involved in the establishment or maintenance of these(More)
In humans, the b-globin cluster contains fetal gand g-globin and adult dandb-globin genes. Around the timeof birth, fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is almost completely replaced by adult hemoglobin (HbA) containing 2 b-globin chains. Based upon this developmental transition in hemoglobin production, mutations in the b-globin gene locus can cause a variety of(More)
The β-hemoglobinopathies are the most common monogenic disorders in humans, with symptoms arising after birth when the fetal γ-globin genes are silenced and the adult β-globin gene is activated. There is a growing appreciation that genome organization and the folding of chromosomes are key determinants of gene transcription. Underlying this function is the(More)
Lineage-specific transcription factors are critical for long-range enhancer interactions, but direct or indirect contributions of architectural proteins such as CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) to enhancer function remain less clear. The LDB1 complex mediates enhancer-gene interactions at the β-globin locus through LDB1 self-interaction. We find that an(More)