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In this paper, we present a method of creating domain-based multiple descriptions of images and video. These descriptions are created by partitioning the transform domain of the signal into sets whose points are maximally separated from each other. This property enables simple error concealment methods to produce good estimates of lost signal samples. We(More)
In this paper, we present an adaptive maximum a posteriori (MAP) error concealment algorithm for dispersively packetized wavelet-coded images. We model the subbands of a wavelet-coded image as Markov random fields, and use the edge characteristics in a particular subband, and regularity properties of subband/wavelet samples across scales, to adapt the(More)
—A home-based intelligent energy conservation system needs to know what appliances (or loads) are being used in the home and when they are being used in order to provide intelligent feedback or to make intelligent decisions. This analysis task is known as load disaggregation or non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM). The datasets used for NILM research(More)
In this paper, we present a pixel-wise unified rate quantization (R-Q) model for a low-complexity rate control on configurable coding units of high efficiency video coding (HEVC). In the case of HEVC, which employs hierarchical coding block structure, multiple R-Q models can be employed for the various block sizes. However, we found that the ratios of(More)
This correspondence describes a publicly available database of eye-tracking data, collected on a set of standard video sequences that are frequently used in video compression, processing, and transmission simulations. A unique feature of this database is that it contains eye-tracking data for both the first and second viewings of the sequence. We have made(More)
—Nonintrusive load monitoring (NILM) is a process of discerning what appliances are running within a house from processing the power or current signal of a smart meter. Since appliance states are not observed directly, hidden Markov models (HMM) are a natural choice for modelling NILM appliances. However, because the number of HMM states grows rapidly with(More)
representative classes, from which MRF priors are estimated. Then, a coarse segmentation map of the MV field is obtained using a maximum a posteriori estimate of the MRF label process. Finally, the boundaries of segmented moving regions are refined using color and edge information. The algorithm has been validated on a number of test sequences, and(More)
Despite the recent progress in both pixel-domain and compressed-domain video object tracking, the need for a tracking framework with both reasonable accuracy and reasonable complexity still exists. This paper presents a method for tracking moving objects in H.264/AVC-compressed video sequences using a spatio-temporal Markov random field (ST-MRF) model. An(More)
Global motion estimation (GME) from motion vector (MV) field in compressed domain greatly reduces the complexity of conventional pixel-based GME. However, outlier MVs, caused by noise or foreground objects, may reduce the accuracy of MV-based GME. In this paper, we propose a cascade-of-rejectors approach for removing MV outliers to achieve efficient and(More)