Ivan T. Todorov

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Akt kinase is activated by transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta) in diabetic kidneys, and has important roles in fibrosis, hypertrophy and cell survival in glomerular mesangial cells. However, the mechanisms of Akt activation by TGF-beta are not fully understood. Here we show that TGF-beta activates Akt in glomerular mesangial cells by inducing the(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin is a critical component of metabolic control, and as such, insulin gene expression has been the focus of extensive study. DNA sequences that regulate transcription of the insulin gene and the majority of regulatory factors have already been identified. However, only recently have other components of insulin gene expression been(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to produce vascular endothelial growth factor. We hypothesize that co-transplantation of MSCs and islets promotes revascularization and improves islet graft function. METHODS Lewis rat islets were infused into the liver of streptozotocin-diabetic syngeneic recipients or transplanted(More)
The 165-kb chromosome of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is replicated by cellular enzymes only once per cell cycle in human cells that are latently infected. Here, we report that the human origin recognition complex, ORC, can be detected in association with an EBV replication origin, oriP, in cells by using antibodies against three different subunits of human ORC(More)
In acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), naive donor CD4(+) T cells recognize alloantigens on host antigen-presenting cells and differentiate into T helper (Th) subsets (Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells), but the role of Th subsets in GVHD pathogenesis is incompletely characterized. Here we report that, in an MHC-mismatched model of C57BL/6 donor to BALB/c(More)
Th17 is a newly identified T-cell lineage that secretes proinflammatory cytokine IL-17. Th17 cells have been shown to play a critical role in mediating autoimmune diseases such as EAE, colitis, and arthritis, but their role in the pathogenesis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is still unknown. Here we showed that, in an acute GVHD model of C57BL/6(More)
Solid tumors contain a subset of stem-like cells that are resistant to the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy/radiotherapy, but their susceptibility to cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) effector mechanisms has not been well characterized. Using a panel of early-passage human brain tumor stem/initiating cell (BTSC) lines derived from high-grade gliomas, we show(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from type 2 diabetic db/db mice exhibit enhanced proinflammatory responses implicated in accelerated vascular complications. We examined the role of microRNA(miR)-200 family members and their target Zeb1, an E-box binding transcriptional repressor, in these events. METHODS AND RESULTS The expression levels of(More)
Chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of long-term survivors of allogeneic hemato-poietic cell transplantation (HCT). Chronic GVHD can have features of an autoimmune collagen vascular disease with clinical manifestations similar to autoimmune scleroderma and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the(More)
Increased accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins and hypertrophy induced by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β) in renal mesangial cells (MC) are hallmark features of diabetic nephropathy. Although the post-transcriptional regulation of key genes has been implicated in these events, details are not fully understood. Here we show that TGF-β(More)