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Proteins that coat the lipid droplets (also known as PAT proteins or perilipin (PLIN) family proteins) have diverse functions that are not well elucidated in many tissues. In skeletal muscle, there is even less known about the functions or characteristics of these proteins or how they might change in response to perturbations that alter both(More)
17β-estradiol (E2) attenuates exercise-induced muscle damage and inflammation in some models. Eighteen men completed 150 eccentric contractions after random assignment to placebo (Control group) or E2 supplementation (Experimental group). Muscle biopsies and blood samples were collected at baseline, following 8-day supplementation and 3 h and 48 h after(More)
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding for fibrillin-1 (FBN1). More than 1,000 FBN1 mutations have been identified, which may lead to multiple organ involvement, particularly of the ocular, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. Mutations in exons 59–65 have been reported in the past to cause mild(More)
Carotid artery dissections are the second leading cause of stroke in young adults. The hemostatic response to a dissection involves exposure of the subendothelium to the intravascular environment. Platelet activation/aggregation superimposed by secondary coagulation cascade activity attempts to heal the injury. Failure of the hemostatic response to heal the(More)
OBJECTIVES Treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) includes surgical thyroidectomy and, in most cases, radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation. Measurement of serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels is used for assessing disease burden and identifying persistent-recurrent DTC. This prospective study determined the Tg profile before and after RAI-ablation in(More)
Factor-Xa assembly into the prothrombinase complex decreases its availability for inhibition by antithrombin + unfractionated heparin (AT + UFH). We have developed a novel covalent antithrombin-heparin complex (ATH), with enhanced anticoagulant actions compared with AT + UFH. The present study was performed to extend understanding of the anticoagulant(More)
The role of red blood cells (RBCs) in coagulation is not well understood. Overt exposure of phosphatidylserine on surfaces of RBCs provide docking sites for formation of the prothrombinase complex, which further aids in amplification of coagulation leading to subsequent thrombosis. No studies to date have evaluated heparin inhibition of the(More)
Factor (F)Xa within the prothrombinase complex is protected from inhibition by unfractionated heparin (UFH), enoxaparin and fondaparinux. We have developed a covalent antithrombin-heparin complex (ATH) with enhanced anticoagulant activity. We have also demonstrated that ATH is superior at inhibiting coagulation factors when assembled on artificial surfaces.(More)
Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is used as an adjunct during thrombolytic therapy. However, its use is associated with limitations, such as the inability to inhibit surface bound coagulation factors. We have developed a covalent conjugate of antithrombin (AT) and heparin (ATH) with superior anticoagulant properties compared with UFH. Advantages of ATH include(More)
Heparin is a major prophylactic and treatment agent for thrombosis. Structurally, this anticoagulant is a polydisperse, highly negatively charged polysaccharide mixture that contains a variable density of sulfate group substituents per molecule. Previous study has shown that heparin molecules have a high affinity for a wide range of metal ions with varying(More)
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