Ivan Singer

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We consider convex sets and functions over idempotent semifields, like the max-plus semifield. We show that if K is a conditionally complete idempotent semifield, with completion ¯ K, a convex function K n → ¯ K which is lower semi-continuous in the order topology is the upper hull of supporting functions defined as residuated differences of affine(More)
A possible connection between external fibronectin-containing fibers and cytoplasmic 5 nm actin microfilaments within dense submembranous plaques has been observed by transmission electron microscopy. We refer to this transmembranous association as the fibronexus. Hamster embryo fibroblasts, transformed by wild-type or temperature-sensitive mutant (A28)(More)
The fibronexus ( FNX ), a very close transmembrane association of individual extracellular fibronectin fibers and actin microfilaments, was found previously at the substrate-binding surface of fibroblasts in tissue culture (Singer, 1. 1., 1979, Cell, 16:675-685). To determine whether the fibronexus might be involved in fibroblast adhesion during wound(More)
The intracellular distribution of the enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) in resting and ionophore-activated human leukocytes has been determined using immuno-electronmicroscopic labeling of ultrathin frozen sections and subcellular fractionation techniques. 5-LO is a 78-kD protein that catalyzes the conversion of(More)
We used antibodies against the alpha subunits of the human fibronectin receptor (FNR) and vitronectin receptor (VNR) to localize simultaneously FNR and VNR at major substrate adhesion sites of fibroblasts and melanoma cells with double-label immunofluorescence microscopy. In early (2-6-h) serum-containing cultures, both FNR and VNR coaccumulated in focal(More)
We have recently observed a transmembrane association between extracellular fibronectin (FN) fibers and elongated focal patches or fibers of vinculin (VN) in G1-arrested stationary Nil 8 hamster fibroblasts, with double-label immunofluorescence microscopy (Singer and Paradiso, 1981, Cell. 24:481-492). We hypothesized that these FN-VN complexes might(More)
Using electron microscopy, we had previously demonstrated a very close transmembrane relationship between actin microfilaments and fibronectin fibrils, termed the fibronexus. Since vinculin, a recently discovered intracellular protein, is localized at the membrane-insertion regions of actin fibers, we studied its possible relationship to fibronectin and the(More)
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta)-converting enzyme (ICE) is a novel cysteine protease that cleaves the 31-kD inactive cytoplasmic IL-1 beta precursor into active extracellular 17-kD IL-1 beta. The ICE gene product is a 45-kD proenzyme that requires proteolytic processing to activate ICE. Active ICE is a heterodimer consisting of equal amounts of p20 and p10(More)