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BACKGROUND Gallbladder cancer is an uncommon disease except in countries like Chile and areas of India and Japan. The knowledge regarding the etiology and mechanisms through which this neoplasia is developed is significantly less compared to other malignant tumors. RESULTS The epithelial lesions involved in gallbladder carcinogenesis are dysplasia and(More)
BACKGROUND Gallbladder cancer is very common in Chile and is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women aged over 40 years. However, there is limited information about the molecular changes involved in its pathogenesis. Microsatellite analysis was performed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays to identify genetic loci that were altered in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cancer of the gallbladder is the number one cause of cancer mortality in Chilean women. Incidence rates for this tumor vary widely on a worldwide basis, being approximately 30 times higher in high-risk than in low-risk populations, suggesting that environmental factors such as infectious microorganisms, carcinogens, and nutrition play a(More)
Gallbladder cancer (GC) is considered a rare disease associated with a poor prognosis. Unfortunately, the low number of cases makes the performance of trials addressing the role of adjuvant, neoadjuvant, and/or palliative therapy difficult. For a long time, the majority of trials were 5-fluorouracil (5 FU)-based, and results were uniformly poor. Since the(More)
BACKGROUND Methylation in the promoter region of genes is an important mechanism of inactivation of tumor suppressor genes. Our objective was to analyze the methylation pattern of some of the genes involved in carcinogenesis of the gallbladder, examining the immunohistochemical expression of proteins, clinical features, and patient survival time. METHODS(More)
Numerous reports suggest more recurrences and a worse prognosis after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) than after open cholecystectomy (OC). The objective of this study was to compare the survival rate of patients undergoing a laparoscopic procedure versus those undergoing an open operation. A series of 24 patients with gallbladder cancer detected after LC(More)
Gallbladder cancer is frequent in Chile, but it is not uniformly mortal. The diagnosis is usually made after a cholecystectomy, indicated for a symptomatic cholelithiasis. Global survival of gallbladder cancer can be as high as 40% at five years. In 69% of women of less than 30 years old, the tumor is detected in early stages. In these cases,(More)
PURPOSE Biliary tract cancers (BTC) are uncommon in the United States, but are endemic in parts of South America and Asia. BTCs are aggressive tumors associated with poor survival. Activation of HER-2/neu (erbB2) and/or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are important in breast, colon, and lung cancers. Tumor specimens from patients from the United(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the value of surgical treatment in patients with potentially resectable gallbladder cancer. DESIGN Prospective non-randomised study. SETTING University hospital, Chile. SUBJECTS 109 Patients with gallbladder cancers, most of which were detected in the cholecystectomy specimen. INTERVENTIONS 53 Patients underwent reoperation with(More)
The goal was to study our experience in the management of a series of patients with a potentially curative subserosal gallbladder cancer who were prospectively treated by the authors. Between April 1988 and July 2004, 139 patients were enrolled in our prospective database. Of the above, 120 were operated on with an open procedure and the rest with(More)