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C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with insulin resistance and predicts development of type 2 diabetes. However, it is unknown whether CRP directly affects insulin signalling action. To this aim, we determined the effects of human recombinant CRP (hrCRP) on insulin signalling involved in glucose transport in L6 myotubes. L6 myotubes were exposed to(More)
Sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) expression has recently been described in human breast cancer, with emphasis on its potential exploitation for the treatment of these tumors with radioiodine. In this study, we analyzed the regulation of NIS expression and function in the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line. Cell exposure to insulin, IGF-I, IGF-II, or prolactin(More)
BACKGROUND Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, which was associated with insulin resistance. Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) is the major determinant of plasma ADMA. Examining data from the DIAGRAM+ (Diabetes Genetics Replication And Meta-analysis), we identified a variant(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the rs10811661 polymorphism near the CDKN2B/CDKN2A genes with glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and insulin release in three samples of white people with European ancestry. Sample 1 comprised 845 non-diabetic offspring of type 2 diabetes patients recruited in five European centres(More)
The homeobox-containing gene Hex is expressed in several cell types, including thyroid follicular cells, in which it regulates the transcription of tissue- specific genes. In this study the regulation of Hex promoter activity was investigated. Using co- transfection experiments, we demonstrated that the transcriptional activity of the Hex gene promoter in(More)
Sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) gene and protein expressions have been recently described in human cytotrophoblasts, emphasizing its potential function in the active transport of iodide from the mother to the fetus. In this study we analyzed NIS expression and function in the human JAr placental choriocarcinoma cell line. Using real-time quantitative RT-PCR,(More)
BACKGROUND Various clinical and experimental findings support the concept that human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) can stimulate iodide uptake in thyroid cells. DESIGN We investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of hCG on iodide uptake, and particularly its action on the expression of Na+/I- symporter (NIS) mRNA and protein. METHODS(More)
Recovery of iodide uptake in thyroid cancer cells by means of obtaining the functional expression of the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) represents an innovative strategy for the treatment of poorly differentiated thyroid cancer. However, the NIS gene expression alone is not always sufficient to restore radioiodine concentration ability in these tumour cells.(More)
The lipid phosphatase, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), is a key element in controlling cell growth and survival and has a well established role as tumor suppressor protein in many neoplasia. Several data indicate that silencing of PTEN gene expression may be relevant in follicular thyroid cell transformation. Thus, in the present study regulation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Two subtypes of angiotensin II (ATII) receptor have been defined on the basis of their differential pharmacological and biochemical properties: ATII-type1 receptors (AT(1)-R) and ATII-type2 receptors (AT(2)-R). It has been hypothesized that part of the protective effects on the cardiovascular system of AT(1)-R blockers is mediated by an(More)