Ivan Paul Bhaskar

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INTRODUCTION The resurgence of decompressive craniectomy surgeries for management of intracranial hypertension has led to a parallel increase in cranioplasty procedures for subsequent reconstruction of the resultant extensive skull defects. Most commonly, cranioplasties are performed using the patients' own cryopreserved skull flaps. Currently, there are no(More)
Autogenous cranioplasties with cryopreserved skull flaps are associated with disproportionately high infection and bone resorption rates. Bone flap non-viability may be a contributing factor. Viable osteoblasts have been cultured recently from cryopreserved long bones. Cryopreserved skull bone may also remain viable based on histological observations.(More)
Patients with pathological laughter and crying have episodes of uncontrollable laughter, crying or both. Pathological laughter is a well-described entity secondary to various conditions such as multiple sclerosis, pseudo-bulbar palsy, cerebello-pontine angle tumours, clival chordomas and brainstem gliomas. Pathological crying is rare and there have been no(More)
Reconstruction of skull defects following decompressive craniectomy is associated with a high rate of complications. Implantation of autologous cryopreserved bone has been associated with infection rates of up to 33%, resulting in considerable patient morbidity. Predisposing factors for infection and other complications are poorly understood. Patients(More)
Autogenous cranioplasty infection requiring bone flap removal is under-recognised as a major complication causing significant morbidity. Microbial contamination of stored bone flaps may be a significant contributing factor. Current infection control practices and storage procedures vary. It is not known whether ‘superficial’ swabs or bone cultures provide a(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone flap infections after autogenous cranioplasty can present a diagnostic and management challenge. Little is known about the clinical, radiological, and microbiological profile of these patients. METHODS Patients who developed bone flap infective complications requiring explantation after autogenous cranioplasties between 1999 and 2009 were(More)
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