Ivan Mikaélian

Learn More
The complete biologically active human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) rev-response element (RRE) RNA is 351 nucleotides (nt) in length, and includes an extra 58 nt on the 5' end and 59 nt on the 3' end beyond the sites proposed in the original models for the RRE secondary structure. The extra sequences are able to form a duplex structure which(More)
Germ-line mutations in the BRCA1 gene strongly predispose women to breast cancer (lifetime risk up to 80%). Furthermore, the BRCA1 protein is absent or present at very low levels in about one third of sporadic breast cancers. However, the mechanisms underlying BRCA1 somatic inactivation appear multiple and are still not fully understood. We report here the(More)
The HIV-1 Rev is a shuttling protein required for the nuclear export of unspliced and partially spliced viral mRNA. In this study, we have identified a new Rev-interacting protein, that specifically interacts with the Rev nuclear export signal both in yeast and mammalian cells. This protein has features found in nucleoporins including many(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a transdifferentiation process that converts epithelial cells into highly motile mesenchymal cells. This physiologic process occurs largely during embryonic development but is aberrantly reactivated in different pathologic situations, including fibrosis and cancer. We conducted a siRNA screening targeted to the(More)
In cells latently infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), the expression of two viral transactivators, EB1 and R, is responsible for the switch from latency to a productive cycle. R contains a DNA-binding/dimerization domain localized at the N-terminus. The domain required for transcriptional activation is localized at the C-terminus and contains two(More)
TIF1γ, a new regulator of TGFβ signaling, inhibits the Smad4-mediated TGFβ response by interaction with Smad2/3 or ubiquitylation of Smad4. We have shown that TIF1γ participates in TGFβ signaling as a negative regulator of Smad4 during the TGFβ-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in mammary epithelial cells, and during terminal(More)
Peptide aptamers are combinatorial recognition molecules that consist of a constant scaffold protein displaying a doubly constrained variable peptide loop. They bind specifically target proteins and interfere with their function. We have built a peptide aptamer library in a lentiviral expression system to isolate aptamers that inhibit cell proliferation in(More)
The Ras GTPase-activating protein RasGAP catalyzes the conversion of active GTP-bound Ras into inactive GDP-bound Ras. However, RasGAP also acts as a positive effector of Ras and exerts an anti-apoptotic activity that is independent of its GAP function and that involves its SH3 (Src homology) domain. We used a combinatorial peptide aptamer approach to(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus BZLF1 gene product EB1 (also called ZEBRA and Zta), is a transcription factor belonging to the bZIP (basic domain leucine zipper) family of nuclear proteins. Translocation to the nucleus of EB1 (J. Becker, U. Leser, M. Marschall, A. Langford, W. Jilg, H. Gelderblom, P. Reichart, and H. Wolf, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88:8332-8336,(More)