Ivan M. Rebeyka

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BACKGROUND Sildenafil was recently approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. The beneficial effects of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors in pulmonary arterial hypertension are thought to result from relatively selective vasodilatory and antiproliferative effects on the pulmonary vasculature and, on the basis of early data(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the epidemiology of and identify risk factors for neonatal cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CS-AKI) and determine its impact on clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN Using secondary analysis of data from an ongoing multiprovincial prospective cohort study, we studied 264 neonates undergoing complex cardiac repair. CS-AKI(More)
BACKGROUND Thirty-two patients with scimitar syndrome were seen in the period between 1975 and 1995. There were 11 male and 21 female patients. Median age at diagnosis was 7 months (mean 7.7 years, range 1 day to 70 years). Patients in whom the diagnosis was made during the first year of life (infantile group, n = 19) had more severe symptoms and had a(More)
Functional closure of the human ductus arteriosus (DA) is initiated within minutes of birth by O2 constriction. It occurs by an incompletely understood mechanism that is intrinsic to the DA smooth muscle cell (DASMC). We hypothesized that O2 alters the function of an O2 sensor (the mitochondrial electron transport chain, ETC) thereby increasing production(More)
BACKGROUND The Norwood procedure for stage 1 palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome is performed with either the modified Blalock-Taussig (MBTS) or the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RVPA) shunt. In our institution, surgical practice changed from use of the MBTS to use of the RVPA shunt in 2002. We analyzed survival and mental and psychomotor(More)
OBJECTIVE This interprovincial inception cohort study explores early childhood outcomes and their operative and perioperative predictors after total anomalous pulmonary venous connection repair, simple (patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, or both) or complex (any associated major cardiac anomalies). METHODS From 1996 through 2004, a total of(More)
BACKGROUND Constriction of the ductus arteriosus (DA) is initiated at birth by inhibition of O2-sensitive K+ channels in DA smooth muscle cells. Subsequent membrane depolarization and calcium influx through L-type calcium channels initiates functional closure. We hypothesize that Rho-kinase activation is an additional mechanism that sustains DA(More)
All patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery between July 1, 1987 and February 29, 1988 were followed from admission to the pediatric ICU (PICU) daily by an intensivist/anesthetist. Patients were characterized by surgical procedure and PRISM score on ICU admission. Of 310 patients, 40 patients (nosocomially infected patient ratio 12.9) developed 78(More)
BACKGROUND Oxygen (O2)-sensitive K+ channels mediate acute O2 sensing in many tissues. At birth, initial functional closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA) results from O2-induced vasoconstriction. This mechanism often fails in premature infants, resulting in persistent DA, a common form of congenital heart disease. We hypothesized that the basis for impaired(More)