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The purposes of this study were to validate the use of a single standard question for the rapid screening of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to analyze the eventual effects of the presence of RLS on self-assessed daytime sleepiness, global clinical severity and cognitive functioning. We evaluated a group of 521 consecutive patients who accessed our(More)
Lyme disease, or borreliosis, is a zoonosis transmitted by Borrelia burgdorferi which also involves the central nervous system (CNS), in 15% of affected individuals, with the occurrence of aseptic meningitis, fluctuating meningoencephalitis, or neuropathy of cranial and peripheral nerves. Encephalopathy with white matter lesions revealed by magnetic(More)
BACKGROUND Contradictory data have been published on the influence of Apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aims of this study were to confirm the presence of specific neuropsychological changes in OSA patients carrying the APOE epsilon4 allele and to clarify if these changes are due to the sole presence of this(More)
Several studies have demonstrated the importance of hypercholesterolemia as a cardiovascular risk factor and a direct correlation between the reduction in cholesterolemia and the reduction in cardiovascular mortality in populations younger than 65 years. This correlation is controversial in the elderly and, particularly, in the oldest old. The aim of our(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to detect the eventual presence of a minor voluntary motor involvement in restless legs syndrome (RLS), not detectable clinically, which might be observed by means of a sophisticated instrumental analysis of movement, such as gait analysis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Gait analysis was performed and surface EMG activity(More)
Senescence is accompanied by an important increase in prevalence and incidence of ischemic stroke. The plasma level of fibrinogen tends to increase with age in the elderly similarly to the prevalence of stroke. The aim of our study was to evaluate the age-related increase in fibrinogen plasma level in the elderly and to assess the presence of eventual(More)
We report the video-polysomnographic sleep characteristics of a 25-year-old woman with the Mulvihill-Smith syndrome, a rare clinical condition characterized by progeria-like aspect, peculiar multiple pigmented nevi, low stature, and cognitive impairment. Among the various exams, two overnight video-polysomnographic recordings were carried out; moreover,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES To report the neurophysiological features of a patient with alternating leg muscle activation (ALMA) during sleep, a quickly alternating pattern of anterior tibialis activation which might represent transient facilitation of a spinal central pattern generator for locomotion, perhaps due to the serotonergic effects of antidepressant(More)
We describe kinematics, kinetics and electromyographic patterns of a patient with spinal myoclonus of the left lower limb, during walking. Gait analysis was performed when the patient was OFF and ON his treatment with antiepileptic drugs. When OFF, we mainly observed clonic bursts and out-of-phase activations of m. tibialis anterior and m. rectus femoris,(More)