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The role of sphingomyelin synthase 1 (SMS1), the Golgi membrane isoform of the enzyme, in ceramide metabolism and apoptosis after photodamage with the photosensitizer Pc 4 (PDT) is unclear. In the present study, using electrospray ionization/double mass spectrometry, we show that in Jurkat cells overexpressing SMS1, increases in ceramides were lower than in(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). However, exactly how tTG modulates the structural and functional properties of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) and contributes to the pathogenesis of PD remains unknown. Using site-directed mutagenesis combined with detailed biophysical and mass spectrometry(More)
The hallmark of N-linked protein glycosylation is the generation of diverse glycan structures in the secretory pathway. Dynamic, non-template-driven processes of N-glycan remodeling in the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi provide the cellular setting for structural diversity. We applied newly developed mass spectrometry-based analytics to quantify(More)
Polysialic acid (polySia) is a posttranslational modification found on only a handful of proteins in the central nervous and immune systems. The addition of polySia to therapeutic proteins improves pharmacokinetics and reduces immunogenicity. To date, polysialylation of therapeutic proteins has only been achieved in vitro by chemical or chemoenzymatic(More)
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