Ivan H. Komproe

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CONTEXT Little is known about the impact of trauma in postconflict, low-income countries where people have survived multiple traumatic experiences. OBJECTIVE To establish the prevalence rates of and risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in 4 postconflict, low-income countries. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Epidemiological survey(More)
Research into postconflict psychiatric sequelae in low-income countries has been focused largely on symptoms rather than on full psychiatric diagnostic assessment. We assessed 3048 respondents from postconflict communities in Algeria, Cambodia, Ethiopia, and Palestine with the aim of establishing the prevalence of mood disorder, somatoform disorder,(More)
To explore ethnic differences in psychopathology, this study examined the prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders among different ethnic groups in Amsterdam and determined whether ethnic differences can be explained by socio-demographic differences. A population-based sample of 321 Dutch, 231 Turkish, 191 Moroccan, 87 Surinamese/Antilleans was(More)
CONTEXT Little is known about the efficacy of mental health interventions for children exposed to armed conflicts in low- and middle-income settings. Childhood mental health problems are difficult to address in situations of ongoing poverty and political instability. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of a school-based intervention designed for(More)
CONTEXT Former child soldiers are considered in need of special mental health interventions. However, there is a lack of studies investigating the mental health of child soldiers compared with civilian children in armed conflicts. OBJECTIVE To compare the mental health status of former child soldiers with that of children who have never been conscripts of(More)
BACKGROUND In situations of ongoing violence, childhood psychosocial and mental health problems require care. However, resources and evidence for adequate interventions are scarce for children in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated a school-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected, rural Nepal. METHODS A cluster randomized(More)
CONTEXT Most of the world's refugees are displaced within the developing world. The impact of torture on such refugees is unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of torture on Bhutanese refugees in Nepal. DESIGN Case-control survey. Interviews were conducted by local physicians and included demographics, questions related to the torture experienced, a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study explores the relationship between mental health and health care consumption among migrants in the Netherlands. DESIGN Samples of the Turkish (n = 648), Moroccan (n = 102), and Surinamese (n = 311) populations in Amsterdam were examined. The study tested a hypothesized model of risk factors for psychiatric morbidity, indicators of(More)
This study examined the cross-cultural construct equivalence of the Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress (SIDES), an instrument designed to assess symptoms of Disorders of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified (DESNOS). Participants completed the SIDES as a part of an epidemiological survey conducted between 1997 and 1999 among survivors of(More)
The resilience of post-war displaced persons is not only influenced partly by the nature of premigration trauma, but also by postmigration psychosocial circumstances and living conditions. A lengthy civil war leading to Eritrea separating from Ethiopia and becoming an independent state in 1991 resulted in many displaced persons. A random sample of 749(More)