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BACKGROUND In situations of ongoing violence, childhood psychosocial and mental health problems require care. However, resources and evidence for adequate interventions are scarce for children in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated a school-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected, rural Nepal. METHODS A cluster randomized(More)
INTRODUCTION To explore ethnic differences in psychopathology, this study examined the prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders among different ethnic groups in Amsterdam and determined whether ethnic differences can be explained by socio-demographic differences. METHODS A population-based sample of 321 Dutch, 231 Turkish, 191 Moroccan, 87(More)
Research into postconflict psychiatric sequelae in low-income countries has been focused largely on symptoms rather than on full psychiatric diagnostic assessment. We assessed 3048 respondents from postconflict communities in Algeria, Cambodia, Ethiopia, and Palestine with the aim of establishing the prevalence of mood disorder, somatoform disorder,(More)
BACKGROUND Armed conflicts are associated with a wide range of impacts on the mental health of children and adolescents. We evaluated the effectiveness of a school-based intervention aimed at reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety (treatment aim); and improving a sense of hope and functioning (preventive aim). METHODS(More)
Few psychosocial and mental health care systems have been reported for children affected by political violence in low- and middle income settings and there is a paucity of research-supported recommendations. This paper describes a field tested multi-layered psychosocial care system for children (focus age between 8-14 years), aiming to translate common(More)
OBJECTIVE This study explores the relationship between mental health and health care consumption among migrants in the Netherlands. DESIGN Samples of the Turkish (n = 648), Moroccan (n = 102), and Surinamese (n = 311) populations in Amsterdam were examined. The study tested a hypothesized model of risk factors for psychiatric morbidity, indicators of(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of torture on the distribution of psychiatric disorders among refugees is unknown. METHODS We surveyed a population-based sample of 418 tortured and 392 nontortured Bhutanese refugees living in camps in Nepal. Trained interviewers assessed International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) disorders through structured(More)
Spirit possession is a common, worldwide phenomenon with dissociative features. Studies in Europe and the United States have revealed associations among psychoform and somatoform dissociation and (reported) potential traumatic events. The aim of this study was to explore the relationships among spirit possession, dissociative symptoms and reported(More)
The Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS), a 10-item self-rating depression scale, was translated into Dutch and compared in 293 postpartum women with other self-rating scales commonly in use in The Netherlands. In addition the structure of EPDS was analyzed by various factor analyses to reveal some of its dimensional aspects. The Dutch version of(More)
PURPOSE Conduct problems and emotional distress have been identified as key problems among children and adolescents in post-war Burundi. This pilot study aims to evaluate the impact of a brief parenting psychoeducation intervention on children's mental health. METHODS This study employs a controlled pre and post evaluation design. The two-session(More)