Ivan Gergov Mitov

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the primary and combined resistance of Helicobacter pylori against four antimicrobial agents by a screening agar method (SAM) and a modified disk diffusion method (MDDM) alone and in combination. Pre-treatment H. pylori isolates from 192 consecutive H. pylori-positive patients at three hospitals in Sofia were(More)
Antibiotic resistance in Helicobacter pylori is the major cause of eradication failure. Primary H. pylori susceptibility patterns, however, are becoming less predictable. Currently, high (> or =20%) clarithromycin resistance rates have been observed in the USA and in developed countries in Europe and Asia, while the highest (> or =80%)(More)
A total of 132 ceftazidime-resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were collected during 2001-2005 from 5 university hospitals in Sofia, Bulgaria to assess the current levels of antimicrobial susceptibility and to evaluate resistance mechanisms to beta-lactams. Antimicrobial susceptibilities were detected by a disk diffusion method and E-test.(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an increasingly prevalent opportunistic pathogen that causes a variety of nosocomial infections, life-threatening diseases in immunocompromised persons and chronic pulmonary infections in cystic fibrosis patients. The organism’s virulence depends on an arsenal of cell-associated and extracellular factors determining the(More)
The aim of the study was to describe the emergence, the spread, and the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Bulgaria. Over eight years (1996-2003), 442 ESBL-screen-positive isolates were collected in nine medical institutions in four Bulgarian towns. Class A ESBLs of the SHV, TEM, and CTX-M groups were(More)
The aim of the study was to assess Helicobacter pylori resistance to fosfomycin, rifampin, and 5 other antibiotics. Susceptibility of 50 consecutive H. pylori strains was tested by E test and breakpoint susceptibility testing method. Overall and primary resistance rates were amoxicillin 2.0 and 0%, metronidazole 34.0 and 31.2%, tetracycline 2.0 and 2.1%,(More)
AIMS To evaluate the activities of six Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (LB) strains against 30 Helicobacter pylori strains by agar-well diffusion method. METHODS AND RESULTS LB cultures [4 x 10(8)-4 x 10(9) CFU ml(-1)) either were prepared in milk at their native pH, 3.8-5.0, or were adjusted to pH 6.4-7.7. At low and neutralized pH, LB(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate Helicobacter pylori antibacterial resistance in 2005 to 2007, resistance evolution since 1996 to 1999, and performance of breakpoint susceptibility testing (BST) compared with E test for clarithromycin or agar dilution method (ADM) for metronidazole, amoxicillin, tetracycline, and ciprofloxacin. Resistance in 613(More)
The significance of the intermediate (i) region of the Helicobacter pylori vacA gene as a virulence factor associated with the severity of gastric disease is still disputable. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and significance of vacA i alleles alone or in combination with other vacA alleles in symptomatic Bulgarian patients and to(More)