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The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of some virulence genes among 202 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients (n=42) and non-CF in-patients (n=160) and to analyze the values according to the patient groups, infection localization and antimicrobial resistance. The following frequencies in all studied strains were(More)
Priming with heat-killed Propionibacterium acnes enhances the sensitivity of mice to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and other biologically active bacterial components. We show that P. acnes priming has protective and deleterious effects on a subsequent serovar Typhimurium infection. It may result in a complete protection or prolonged survival, or it may(More)
There appears to be a consensus that the recent instability in global financial markets may be attributable in part to the failure of financial modeling. More specifically , current risk models have failed to properly assess the risks associated with large adverse stock price behavior. In this paper, we first discuss the limitations of classical time series(More)
Pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccines were introduced in our national immunisation program in April 2010. The aims of this retrospective, laboratory-based study were to determine the serotypes and antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae and H. influenzae isolates from middle ear fluid (MEF) collected before the introduction(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal discharge in women of reproductive age. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of BV in Bulgarian pregnant and nonpregnant women from several age ranges and to compare three different laboratory methods for Gardnerella vaginalis detection in patents suffering from BV.(More)
A total of 424 Enterococcus spp. isolates from clinical samples (n = 398) and traditional Bulgarian artisanal cheeses (n = 26) were studied in order to evaluate the incidence and expression of bacteriocin genetic determinants. Structural genes coding for enterocin A (entA), enterocin P (entP), enterocin B (entB), enterocin AS-48 (as-48) and enterolysin A(More)
The aim of the retrospective study was to evaluate geographic regions and residence places as possible risk factors for primary Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance in Bulgaria. Data from Sofia region, exhibiting the highest living density, were compared to those from other residence places. In total, 588 H. pylori strains from untreated adults who(More)
We report a case of an adult patient undergoing three unsuccessful Helicobacter pylori treatments, including proton pump inhibitor (PPI), bismuth subcitrate, metronidazole and tetracycline in 2012, PPI, amoxicillin and clarithromycin in 2013, and PPI, amoxicillin and rifampin in 2014. Following the first treatment, the isolate was metronidazole and(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder characterized by abnormal secretory function of all exocrine glands. Clinical symptoms vary with the severity of the disease and according to the organs involved, but the most common ones are pathological lung changes mainly presented as chronic infections. These bronchopulmonary infections(More)
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