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Matrix metalloproteases are secreted by mammalian cells as zymogens and, upon activation, initiate tissue remodeling by proteolytic degradation of collagens and proteoglycans. Activation of the secreted proenzymes and interaction with their specific inhibitors determine the net enzymatic activity in the extracellular space. We have previously demonstrated(More)
The human 72-kDa (CLG4A) and 92-kDa (CLG4B) type IV collagenases contain a domain consisting of three contiguous copies of the fibronectin (FN)-derived type II homology unit (T2HU), T2HU-1, T2HU-2, and T2HU-3. To investigate the functional role of this domain, we have constructed plasmids expressing beta-galactosidase fusion proteins with one or more of the(More)
Secreted metalloproteases initiating proteolytic degradation of collagens and proteoglycans play a critical role in remodeling of the connective tissue. Activation of the secreted proenzymes and interaction with their specific inhibitors TIMP and TIMP-2 are responsible for regulation of enzyme activity in extracellular space. We have previously demonstrated(More)
We have reported that SV40-transformed human lung fibroblasts secrete a 92-kDa metalloprotease which is not detectable in the parental cell line IMR-90. We now present the complete structure of this enzyme along with the evidence that it is identical to the 92-kDa metalloprotease secreted by normal human alveolar macrophages, phorbol ester-differentiated(More)
We have purified and determined the complete primary structure of human stromelysin, a secreted metalloprotease with a wide range of substrate specificities. Human stromelysin is synthesized in a preproenzyme form with a calculated size of 53,977 Da and a 17-amino acid long signal peptide. Prostromelysin is secreted in two forms, with apparent molecular(More)
H-ras-transformed human bronchial epithelial cells (TBE-1) secrete a single major extracellular matrix metalloprotease which is not found in the normal parental cells. The enzyme is secreted in a latent form of 72 kDa, which can be activated to catalyze the cleavage of the basement membrane macromolecule type IV collagen. The substrates in their order of(More)
Expression of gelatinase B (matrix metalloprotease 9) in human placenta is developmentally regulated, presumably to fulfill a proteolytic function. Here we demonstrate that gelatinolytic activity in situ, in tissue sections of term placenta, is co-localized with gelatinase B. Judging by molecular mass, however, all the enzyme extracted from this tissue was(More)
We show that activated collagenase (MMP-1) moves processively on the collagen fibril. The mechanism of movement is a biased diffusion with the bias component dependent on the proteolysis of its substrate, not adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis. Inactivation of the enzyme by a single amino acid residue substitution in the active center eliminates the(More)
An investigation of gelatinase A binding to gelatin produced results that are inconsistent with a traditional bimolecular Michaelis-Menten formalism but are effectively accounted for by a power law characteristic of fractal kinetics. The main reason for this inconsistency is that the bulk of the gelatinase A binding depends on its ability to diffuse(More)
Stable transfection of human tumor cell lines with the adenovirus-5 E1A gene repressed the expression of the secreted proteases, type IV collagenase, interstitial collagenase and urokinase. In addition, E1A blocked the 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA) induction of interstitial collagenase transcription in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells. Plasmids bearing(More)