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The development of biomaterials endowed with bioactive features relies on a simultaneous insight into a proper terminal sterilization process. FDA recommendations on sterility of biomaterials are very strict: a sterility assurance level (SAL) of 10(-6) must be guaranteed for biomaterials to be used in human implants. In the present work, we have explored(More)
In this work we study (i) the formation and stabilization of silver nanoparticles in a bioactive chitosan-derived polysaccharide solution, (ii) the antimicrobial properties, either in solution or in 3D hydrogel structures, obtained by mixtures with the polysaccharide alginate, and (iii) the cytotoxicity of the latter nanocomposite materials on different(More)
Microcapsules of alginate cross-linked with divalent ions are the most common system for cell immobilization. In this study, we wanted to characterize the effect of different alginates and cross-linking ions on important microcapsule properties. The dimensional stability and gel strength increased for high-G alginate gels when exchanging the traditional(More)
Bisphenol A glycidylmethacrylate (BisGMA)/triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) thermosets are biomaterials commonly employed for orthopedic and dental applications; for both these fields, bacterial adhesion to the surface of the implant represents a major issue for the outcome of the surgical procedures. In this study, the antimicrobial properties of a(More)
A new bioactive scaffold was prepared from a binary polysaccharide mixture composed of a polyanion (alginate) and a polycation (a lactose-modified chitosan, chitlac). Its potential use for articular chondrocytes encapsulation and cartilage reconstructive surgery applications has been studied. The hydrogel combines the ability of alginate to act as a 3D(More)
Circular dichroism (CD) is presented as a reliable and sensitive method of determining the diadic frequency composition of alginate (F(GG), F(MM) and F(GM+MG)). The availability of samples, very largely or even completely conforming to the limiting structures of polymannuronate (MM)(n), polyguluronate (GG)(n) and polyalternating MG (MG)(n), respectively,(More)
Biostable fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) implants prepared from bisphenol-A-dimethacrylate and triethyleneglycoldimethacrylate resin reinforced with E-glass fibers have been successfully used in cranial reconstructions in 15 patients. Recently, porous FRC structures were suggested as potential implant materials. Compared with smooth surface, porous(More)
The availability of mannuronan and mannuronan C-5 epimerases allows the production of a strictly alternating mannuronate-guluronate (MG) polymer and the MG-enrichment of natural alginates, providing a powerful tool for the analysis of the role of such sequences in the calcium-alginate gel network. In view of the calcium binding properties of long(More)
A reductive amination reaction (N-alkylation) obtained exploiting the aldheyde group of lactose and the amino group of the glucosamine residues of chitosan (d.a. 89%) afforded a highly soluble engineered polysaccharide (chitlac) for a potential application in the repair of the articular cartilage. Chitosan derivatives with 9% and 64% of side chain groups(More)
Through enzymatic modification, we are now able to manipulate the composition and sequential nanostructures of alginate, one of the most versatile gelling polymers found in nature. Here we report the application of a set of processive polymer-modifying epimerases for the preparation of novel alginates with highly improved functional properties essential for(More)