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In this work we study (i) the formation and stabilization of silver nanoparticles in a bioactive chitosan-derived polysaccharide solution, (ii) the antimicrobial properties, either in solution or in 3D hydrogel structures, obtained by mixtures with the polysaccharide alginate, and (iii) the cytotoxicity of the latter nanocomposite materials on different(More)
Microcapsules of alginate cross-linked with divalent ions are the most common system for cell immobilization. In this study, we wanted to characterize the effect of different alginates and cross-linking ions on important microcapsule properties. The dimensional stability and gel strength increased for high-G alginate gels when exchanging the traditional(More)
Coupling of alginate with 1-amino-1-deoxygalactose in the presence of 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide results in a substituted polymer containing galactose side linked via an amide bond. To clarify the degree and pattern of substitution, a (1)H NMR study on the anomeric region of modified alginate, polymannuronate, alginate enriched in(More)
The development of biomaterials endowed with bioactive features relies on a simultaneous insight into a proper terminal sterilization process. FDA recommendations on sterility of biomaterials are very strict: a sterility assurance level (SAL) of 10(-6) must be guaranteed for biomaterials to be used in human implants. In the present work, we have explored(More)
Alginate/hydroxyapatite composite scaffolds were developed using a novel production design. Hydroxyapatite (HAp) was incorporated into an alginate solution and internal gelling was induced by addition of slowly acid hydrolyzing d-gluconic acid delta-lactone (GDL) for the direct release of calcium ions from HAp. Hydrogels were then freeze-casted to produce a(More)
Three derivatives of the biocompatible polymer poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) (SMA) were obtained with 1-amino-1-deoxy-beta-D-galactose, 1-amino-1-deoxy-beta-D-glucose, and 1-amino-1-deoxy-beta-D-lactose, respectively. The amino sugars were chemically conjugated via formation of an amide bond between the anomeric amino group of the sugar residue and the(More)
Bisphenol A glycidylmethacrylate (BisGMA)/triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) thermosets are biomaterials commonly employed for orthopedic and dental applications; for both these fields, bacterial adhesion to the surface of the implant represents a major issue for the outcome of the surgical procedures. In this study, the antimicrobial properties of a(More)
Alditol bearing chitosans have shown the ability to reduce silver ions in mild conditions and without addition of exogenous reducing agents. The ion reduction induces the formation of a lactone moiety on the polysaccharide (Fetizon reaction) without causing C-C bond cleavage on the polyol. The close and multivalent arrangement of the endogenous reducing(More)
Biostable fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) implants prepared from bisphenol-A-dimethacrylate and triethyleneglycoldimethacrylate resin reinforced with E-glass fibers have been successfully used in cranial reconstructions in 15 patients. Recently, porous FRC structures were suggested as potential implant materials. Compared with smooth surface, porous(More)
Evidences for the involvement of the Galectin-1 in the interaction of pig chondrocytes with a lactose-modified chitosan, namely Chitlac, are reported. The Chitlac glycopolymer has been shown to promote pig chondrocyte aggregation and to induce extracellular matrix production. Highly pure Galectin-1 was obtained from pig spleen by affinity chromatography and(More)