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We have derived and characterized single cell clones from a xenograft tumor of the teratocarcinoma cell line Tera-2. Isozyme and chromosomal analyses confirmed their common origin. When cultures of the clones were maintained at a high cell density, many cells exhibited a morphology and cell surface antigen phenotype typical of human embryonal carcinoma(More)
Our goal was to investigate associations between the status of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and electrogastrogram (EGG) parameters, gastric emptying and symptoms in a large cohort of patients with gastroparesis. Forty-one patients with refractory gastroparesis who were referred for gastric electrical stimulation (GES) underwent full thickness gastric(More)
Embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells are the stem cells of teratocarcinomas, and the malignant counterparts of embryonic stem (ES) cells derived from the inner cell mass of blastocyst-stage embryos, whether human or mouse. On prolonged culture in vitro, human ES cells acquire karyotypic changes that are also seen in human EC cells. They also 'adapt',(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies (TRA-1-60 and TRA-1-81) recognizing distinct cell surface antigens on human embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells were produced and characterized. These antibodies reacted strongly with undifferentiated human EC cells in indirect radioimmunoassays (RIA) and immunofluorescence (IF) assays, but only weakly or not at all with cells derived(More)
The pattern of cell surface antigen expression of a set of cell lines derived from human germ cell tumours and corresponding to various cell phenotypes found within these tumours was studied using immunofluorescence. Twenty-two different antibodies were used. Many of these antibodies have been noted to recognise epitopes that are either preferentially(More)
Peri-implantation mouse embryos and extraembryonic membranes were examined immunohistochemically for the expression of the cell-cell adhesion molecule (cell-CAM) 120/80. Cell-CAM 120/80 was seen along the lateral borders of all cells in the blastocyst but became undetectable on trophoblastic giant cells, some mononuclear trophoblastic cells and parietal(More)
Early post-implantation mouse embryos or their embryonic and extraembryonic portions were transplanted under the kidney capsule of adult isogenic recipients in order to test the tumor-producing potential of various grafts and to establish the optimal conditions for teratocarcinoma production. The highest yield of malignant tumors was obtained from 7-day(More)
Monoclonal antibodies raised against and/or recognizing stage-specific antigens on preimplantation mouse embryos and stem cells of murine teratocarcinoma were used to localize these antigens immunohistochemically on human testicular germ cell tumors. SSEA-1, the antigen found on mouse embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells and embryonic cells from the 8-cell stage(More)