Ivan Borozan

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Pegylated interferon (IFN)-alpha plus ribavirin is the most effective treatment of chronic hepatitis C but has unpleasant side effects and high costs. A large proportion of patients do not respond to therapy for reasons that are unclear. We used gene expression profiling to investigate the molecular basis for treatment failure. METHODS(More)
Haloacid dehalogenase (HAD)-like hydrolases are a vast superfamily of largely uncharacterized enzymes, with a few members shown to possess phosphatase, beta-phosphoglucomutase, phosphonatase, and dehalogenase activities. Using a representative set of 80 phosphorylated substrates, we characterized the substrate specificities of 23 soluble HADs encoded in the(More)
We introduce an eikonal Monte Carlo model (running in conjunction with HERWIG) for simulating multiparticle production in hadron-hadron interactions. We compare our simulated data to the CDF Tevatron measurement of the underlying event activity in hard inelastic proton-antiproton scattering at √ s=1.8 TeV. By fixing the only free parameter in our model, the(More)
Although it is becoming increasingly common to accept livers from older donors for transplantation, old livers are more damaged by hepatic ischemia and reperfusion injury (HIRI) than young livers. We hypothesized that this age-related susceptibility to HIRI is due to increased hepatocellular apoptosis driven by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha). Young(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chronic hepatitis C virus (CHC) infection is treated with interferon/ribavirin, but only a subset of patients respond. Treatment nonresponders have marked pretreatment up-regulation of a subset of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) in their livers, including ISG15. We here study how the nonresponder gene expression phenotype is influenced(More)
During liver transplantation, the donor graft is subjected to a number of acute stresses whose molecular basis is not well-understood. The effects of surgical stress, preservation and reperfusion injury were studied in 24 consecutive living donor liver transplant (LDLT) operations. Liver biopsies were taken early in the donor operation (OPENING), after(More)
Gene expression profiling has the potential to unravel molecular mechanisms behind gene regulation and identify gene targets for therapeutic interventions. As microarray technology matures, the number of microarray studies has increased, resulting in many different datasets available for any given disease. The increase in sensitivity and reliability of(More)
MOTIVATION Alignment-based sequence similarity searches, while accurate for some type of sequences, can produce incorrect results when used on more divergent but functionally related sequences that have undergone the sequence rearrangements observed in many bacterial and viral genomes. Here, we propose a classification model that exploits the complementary(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cell-type specific expression patterns of hepatic interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the IL28B gene are associated with response to interferon-based therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. It is not known how the IL28B genotype influences the ISG expression pattern(More)
It is now well established that nearly 20% of human cancers are caused by infectious agents, and the list of human oncogenic pathogens will grow in the future for a variety of cancer types. Whole tumor transcriptome and genome sequencing by next-generation sequencing technologies presents an unparalleled opportunity for pathogen detection and discovery in(More)