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The ability of the in vitro sister chromatid exchange (SCE) assay to predict in vivo tumor drug sensitivity was investigated using a spontaneous hepatocarcinoma in C3Hf/Kam mice and 3 chemotherapeutic agents: melphalan; cis-platinum; and 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU). For hepatocarcinoma cells grown in monolayer culture, melphalan was the most(More)
The spontaneous metastatic properties of six sarcomas and seven carcinomas syngeneic to C3Hf/Kam mice were investigated and the correlation between spontaneous metastasis, the lung colony forming efficiency (LCFE) of i.v. injected tumor cells, and s.c. tumor take was determined. The incidence and number of spontaneous metastases in the lung were determined(More)
The possible tumor growth- and metastasis-inhibiting effects of bee venom in mice and in tumor cell cultures were studied. The tumor was a transplantable mammary carcinoma (MCa) of CBA mouse. Intravenous administration of bee venom to mice significantly reduced the number of metastases in the lung. However, subcutaneous administration of bee venom did not(More)
Several studies suggest that dietary supplementation with antioxidant can influence the response to chemotherapy as well as the development of adverse side effects caused by treatment with chemotherapeutic agents. Using CBA mouse model, we investigated a clinically potential use of a water-soluble derivative of propolis (WSDP) in the treatment of various(More)
The antimetastatic efficacy of a water-soluble derivative of propolis (WSDP) was studied. Tumor was a transplantable mammary carcinoma of CBA mouse. Metastases in the lung were generated by 2 x 10(5) viable tumor cells i.v. WSDP was given intraperitoneally at doses of 50 or 150 mg/kg before or after tumor cell inoculation. Therapies reduced the number of(More)
The radioprotective effects of ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) and quercetin on the white blood cells of the whole-body irradiated CBA mice were investigated. Irradiation was performed using a gamma-ray source ((60)Co), and absorbed dose was 9 Gy. The efficiency of test components was evaluated when given intraperitoneally (ip) at a dose of 100 mg(More)
Experiments were designed to investigate whether the tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) content of murine solid tumors correlates with the clonogenic ability of tumor cells to establish s.c. tumors, tumor growth rate, extent of tumor necrosis, tumor metastatic propensity, and tumor radioresponse. Of 13 tumors studied, 6 were sarcomas and 7 were carcinomas;(More)
Heparin, cortisone, and combination of these two drugs were used for treatment of solitary tumors and artificial lung metastases of the fibrosarcoma NFSA and the mammary carcinoma MCA-K in C3Hf/Kam mice. Heparin reduced the number of artificial metastases of both tumors, but it did not affect the s.c. growth of these tumors. Conversely, cortisone reduced(More)
The effect of propolis [it is a water-soluble derivative (WSDP)] and related polyphenolic compounds of propolis (caffeic acid, caffeic acid phenethyl ester and quercetin), honey, royal jelly and bee venom on tumour growth, metastasizing ability and induction of apoptosis and necrosis in murine tumour models (mammary carcinoma and colon carcinoma) was(More)
The immunomodulatory actions of a water-soluble derivative of propolis (WSDP) and two components of propolis, caffeic acid (CA) and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) were investigated. Oral administration (50 mg/kg) of WSDP, CA, and CAPE enhanced the weight and cellularity of the spleen (p<0.05, p<0.01) of treated mice. The response of spleen cells to(More)