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Chronic psychosocial isolation stress (CPSI) modulates glucocorticoid receptor (GR) functioning in Wistar male rat hippocampus (HIPPO) through alteration of nuclear GR phosphorylation and its upstream kinases signaling, which parallels animal depressive-like behavior. The current study investigated potential gender specificities regarding the effect of(More)
The impaired glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling has long been considered one of the cornerstones in understanding the pathophysiology of depression. Since the phosphorylation of GR is very important for GR function, in this study we investigated whether GR phosphorylation at serine 211 (pGR-S211) and serine 226 (pGR-S226) is altered in patients with(More)
The mechanism of maladaptive chronic stress response involves altered phosphorylation of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). In this study, we investigated if important depressogenic vulnerability factors, such as neuroticism and self-reports of negative affective states, may be associated with alterations in levels of the GR and GR phosphoisoforms in(More)
Chronic psychosocial isolation (CPSI) is known to cause several maladaptive changes in the limbic brain structures, which regulate the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis activity. In this study, we focused our investigation on CPSI effects in the hypothalamus (HT) since it is a major driver of HPA axis activity. We also investigated whether the(More)
Alterations in the antioxidative defense parameters upon chronic stress are considered critical for pathophysiology of stress related psychiatric disorders, and their status in blood serves as biomarker for effects of pharmacological treatments. The present study was designed to investigate the modulation of erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes (AOEs): CuZn(More)
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