Iva Pichová

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Intracellular and secreted proteases fulfill multiple functions in microorganisms. In pathogenic microorganisms extracellular proteases may be adapted to interactions with host cells. Here we describe two cell surface-associated aspartic proteases, Sap9 and Sap10, which have structural similarities to yapsins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and are produced by(More)
Following the failure of a wide range of attempts to solve the crystal structure of M-PMV retroviral protease by molecular replacement, we challenged players of the protein folding game Foldit to produce accurate models of the protein. Remarkably, Foldit players were able to generate models of sufficient quality for successful molecular replacement and(More)
The frequency of Candida infections has increased in recent years and it has been accompanied by a significant rise in morbidity and mortality. The secretion of aspartic proteases by Candida spp. was demonstrated to be one of the virulence determinants. Candida albicans is classified as the major human pathogen in the genus Candida. However, other species(More)
Production of secreted aspartate proteinases was determined in a set of 646 isolates ofCandida and non-Candida yeast species collected from 465 patients of theUniversity Hospital in Olomouc (Czechia) in the period 1995–2002, andCandida samples obtained from 64 healthy volunteers using solid media developed for this purpose. Using random amplified(More)
The homotrimeric fusion protein nucleocapsid (NC)-dUTPase combines domains that participate in RNA/DNA folding, reverse transcription, and DNA repair in Mason-Pfizer monkey betaretrovirus infected cells. The structural organization of the fusion protein remained obscured by the N- and C-terminal flexible segments of dUTPase and the linker region connecting(More)
Betaretroviruses encode dUTPase, an essential factor in DNA metabolism and repair, in the pro open reading frame located between gag and pol. Ribosomal frame-shifts during expression of retroviral proteins provide a unique possibility for covalent joining of nucleocapsid (NC) and dUTPase within Gag-Pro polyproteins. By developing an antibody against the(More)
Retroviral proteinases (PRs) are essential for retrovirus infectivity but the mechanism of their activity regulation is poorly understood. We investigated possible involvement in this process of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of betaretroviral PRs. We found that the presence of CTD attenuates proteolytic activity of Mason-Pfizer monkey virus PR, while it does(More)
The high-resolution structure of the N-terminal domain (NTD) of the retroviral capsid protein (CA) of Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (M-PMV), a member of the betaretrovirus family, has been determined by NMR. The M-PMV NTD CA structure is similar to the other retroviral capsid structures and is characterized by a six alpha-helix bundle and an N-terminal(More)
HIV-1 proteinase represents a promising target for antiviral chemotherapy. We have designed, synthesized, and tested modular inhibitors combining an active-site inhibitor tethered to a structure targeted to the dimerization domain of the enzyme. At pH 5 the parent active site inhibitor, the equimolar mixture of active site and dimerization inhibitors, and(More)
Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (M-PMV) preassembles immature capsids in the cytoplasm prior to transporting them to the plasma membrane. Expression of the M-PMV Gag precursor in bacteria results in the assembly of capsids indistinguishable from those assembled in mammalian cells. We have used this system to investigate the structural requirements for the(More)