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A principal goal of the discipline of artificial morality is to design artificial agents to act as if they are moral agents. Intermediate goals of artificial morality are directed at building into AI systems sensitivity to the values, ethics, and legality of activities. The development of an effective foundation for the field of artificial morality involves(More)
Machine ethics isn't merely science fiction; it's a topic that requires serious consideration, given the rapid emergence of increasingly complex autonomous software agents and robots. Machine ethics is an emerging field that seeks to implement moral decision-making faculties in computers and robots. We already have semiautonomous robots and software agents(More)
J. McGlinchy, J. Van Aardt, H. Rhody, J. Kerekes, E. Ientiluci, G.P. Asner, D. Knapp, R. Mathieu, T. Kennedy-Bowdoin, B.F.N. Erasmus, I. Smit W. Jiayang, D. Sarrazin Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, CA, USA Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa School of(More)
Vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) are a group of globally extended and quickly spreading pathogens that are transmitted by various arthropod vectors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence against Babesia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Leishmania infantum, Dirofilaria immitis, and Ehrlichia canis(More)
The interactions between a hydrophilic anionic polysaccharide, dextran sulfate, and oppositely charged surfactants, n-alkylammonium chlorides (the number of carbon atoms per chain being 10, 12, and 14), were investigated by optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, microelectrophoretic mobility, conductivity, surface tension, and light-scattering measurements(More)
The implementation of moral decision making abilities in artificial intelligence (AI) is a natural and necessary extension to the social mechanisms of autonomous software agents and robots. Engineers exploring design strategies for systems sensitive to moral considerations in their choices and actions will need to determine what role ethical theory should(More)
A series of cationic oligomeric surfactants (quaternary dodecyldimethylammonium ions with two, three, or four chains connected by an ethylene spacer at the headgroup level, abbreviated as dimer, trimer, and tetramer) were synthesized and characterized. The influence of the degree of oligomerization on their polymorphic and mesomorphic properties was(More)
Canine babesiosis is a tick-borne disease with world-wide significance caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Babesia. The eicosanoids, as inflammatory mediators, are involved in the regulation of the immune response and inflammatory reaction. Metabolism of lipids is of great importance in babesiosis. In this study it was aimed to investigate the(More)
________________________________________________________________________________________ CRNOGAJ, M., I. KIŠ, N. KUČER, I. ŠMIT, I. MAYER, M. BRKLJAČIĆ, J. SELANEC, V. MRLJAK: Lipid peroxidation in dogs naturally infected with Babesia canis canis. Vet. arhiv 85, 37-48, 2015. ABSTRACT The possible role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of infections(More)
Structural characteristics and thermal stability of a series of dodecylammonium carrageenates formed by stoichiometric complexation of dodecylammonium chloride and differently charged carrageenans (kappa-, iota- and lambda-carrageenan, respectively) were investigated. IR spectral analysis confirmed the electrostatic and hydrogen bond interactions between(More)