IvIuray Hill

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Laddered DNA indicative of apoptosis was observed in the CA1 layer of hippocampus and in dorsolateral striatum following a global cerebral ischemic insult produced by transient two vessel occlusion in rats. The extent of this DNA damage was proportional to the duration of the ischemic episode. Breaks in DNA were demonstrated in situ in sections from(More)
Transient focal ischaemia was produced in rat right neocortex by temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion. DNA damage was visualized in situ in cells of this right hemisphere but not in the contralateral hemisphere. The extracted damaged DNA exhibited laddered fragmentation which is indicative of apoptotic degradation. The amount of DNA damage was(More)
The transcription factor E2F1 is known to mediate apoptosis in isolated quiescent and postmitotic cardiac myocytes, and its absence decreases the size of brain infarction following cerebral ischemia. To demonstrate directly that E2F1 modulates neuronal apoptosis, we used cultured cortical neurons to show a temporal association of the transcription and(More)
The time course of appearance of cells with DNA damage was studied in rats following transient severe forebrain ischemia. This DNA damage could be detected by in situ end-labeling on brain sections. The breaks in DNA appeared selectively by day 1 in the striatum and later in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. It was possible by double labeling to show that(More)
Treating SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells with 1 microM staurosporine resulted in a three- to fourfold higher DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) activity compared with untreated cells. Time course studies revealed a biphasic effect of staurosporine on DNA-PK activity: an initial increase that peaked by 4 h and a rapid decline that reached approximately(More)
A monoclonal antibody, mab SMgp65, which recognises two major glycoprotein components of isolated forebrain synaptic subfractions has been raised. The mab has been used to study the cellular and subcellular localisation of these novel glycoproteins and for the partial characterisation of both molecular species. Western blots show that the mab reacts with(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the possible role of the cysteine protease cathepsin B (E.C. 3.4.22.1) in the delayed neuronal death in rats subjected to the two-vessel occlusion model of global ischemia. Immunohistochemistry of the hippocampus showed an alteration in the distribution of cathepsin B in CA1 neurons from a lysosomal pattern to a(More)
DNA extracted from regional brain samples of hypoxic/ischemic neonatal rats showed internucleosomal cleavage indicative of apoptosis. Cells containing cleaved DNA were identified by in situ labelling in the cortex, hippocampus, striatum and thalamus of the ipsilateral hemisphere. When the effects of increasing the length of the hypoxia were examined,(More)
The cell death induced by hydroxyl radicals generated by Cu-phenanthroline and peroxynitrite generated by 3-morpholinosydnonimine hydrochloride (SIN-1) in rat primary cortical neuronal cultures was compared with the apoptotic death induced by staurosporine and the necrotic death induced by glutamate. Both SIN-1 and Cu-phenanthroline were capable of(More)
Several synthetic peptides, modelled from a Ca(2+)-binding loop of the EF-hand family of proteins, were prepared containing cysteine residues. The peptide, GDKNADGFICFEEL, was labelled covalently at the cysteine residue (loop position 9) with iodoacetamidosalicylic acid. This novel conjugate is a metal-binding loop containing a salicylic acid side chain(More)