Iván Moreno-Andrade

Learn More
Current knowledge of the microbial communities within biological wastewater treatment reactors is incomplete due to limitations of traditional culture-based techniques and despite the emergence of recently applied molecular techniques. Here we demonstrate the application of high-density microarrays targeting universal 16S rRNA genes to evaluate microbial(More)
Effects of operating lab-scale nitrifying membrane bioreactors (MBR) at short solids retention times (SRT=3, 5 and 10d) were presented with focus on reactor performance and microbial community composition. The process was capable of achieving over 87% removal of ammonia and 95% removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD), almost regardless of SRT. The(More)
The use of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) as biomarkers to identify groups of microorganisms was studied. A database was constructed using previously published results that identify FAME biomarkers for aerobic, anaerobic and facultatively aerobic bacteria. FAME profiles obtained from pure cultures were utilized to confirm the predicted presence of(More)
This work presents the results of the application of an optimally controlled influent flow rate strategy to biodegrade, in a discontinuous reactor, high concentrations of 4-chlorophenol used as toxic compound model. The influent is fed into the reactor in such a way as to obtain the maximal degradation rate, thus avoiding the inhibition of the(More)
The variation of microbial activity during acclimation to 4-chlorophenol (4CP) in an aerobic automated sequencing batch reactor was studied. The results show a reduction in degradation time as the acclimation process occurred. During acclimation for an initial concentration of 50 mg 4CP/L, degradation time was reduced from 40 h to 50 min after 10 cycles. In(More)
Discontinuous bioreactors may be further optimized for processing inhibitory substrates using a convenient fed-batch mode. To do so the filling rate must be controlled in such a way as to push the reaction rate to its maximum value, by increasing the substrate concentration just up to the point where inhibition begins. However, an exact optimal controller(More)
The influence of the initial substrate to microorganisms ratio (So/Xo) on the inhibition of the methane production caused by 4-chlorophenol, 4CP, was studied. The effect of the 4CP on glucose degradation was evaluated measuring the quantity of methane produced during the test. One part of the inoculum was used as it came from its origin and another was fed(More)
The feasibility of producing hydrogen from various industrial wastes, such as vinasses (sugar and tequila industries), and raw and physicochemical-treated wastewater from the plastic industry and toilet aircraft wastewater, was evaluated. The results showed that the tequila vinasses presented the maximum hydrogen generation potential, followed by the raw(More)
To provide new insight into the dark fermentation process, a multi-lateral study was performed to study the microbiology of 20 different lab-scale bioreactors operated in four different countries (Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay). Samples (29) were collected from bioreactors with different configurations, operation conditions, and performances. The(More)
The influence of starvation (defined as the period without substrate) and shock loads on the performance of a moving bed sequencing batch reactor degrading 4-chlorophenol (4CP) were investigated. The biomass was acclimated to biodegrade 100 mg/L of 4CP, and the colonization of the packing material was followed. Two starvation periods and two shock loads(More)