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90 patients with alcoholism stage II suffering from secondary affective disorders (anxiety, depression) were divided into 4 groups: treated with GABA-B-receptor ligand baclofen (group 1), with sibazon (group 2), amitriptylin (group 3), placebo (group 4). As shown by clinical, experimental psychological and electrophysiological examinations, baclofen is not(More)
Catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and level of lipid peroxidation in embryo brain of 13-17-th day were evaluated during ethanol consumption by pregnant rats. The level of lipid peroxidation was more higher in alcohol groups, than in control groups. At the same time the reduced glutathione content was decreased by 13% in the brain of 15-th day(More)
The time course of 14C-etimizol distribution in cell structures of the rat cerebral cortex was studied. Two minutes after intraperitoneal injection etimizol penetrates brain cells. At this time the greater portion of the drug is found in cytosol. In five minutes the maximal part of the label gets bound with cell nuclei and microsomal protein fraction(More)
The two cAMP-independent protein kinases (PK I and PK II) were obtained from neuronal chromatin of rat brain. Nonhistone HMG-proteins were used as phosphorylation substrates. The possibility of antifeines direct action on PK II was revealed. Ethylnorantifeine and its demethylated analogues increased enzyme activity whereas allylnorantifeine decreased it.(More)
In animals, an increase in glycolysis intensity and processes of oxidative phosphorylation in the brain correlated with the steady potential shifts within the range of 0--1.0 Hz in the neocortex, dorsal hippocampus, and thalamic nuclei. The neurotropic drug ethymizol revealed two effects depending on the initial functional state of the rabbit: 2.5 mg/kg of(More)
Spontaneous superslow electrical brain activity and its changes were studied in acute experiments on curarized rabbits after administration of etimysol in doses of 1.0, 1.5 and 2.5 mg/kg. The effect of the drug persisted for three hours. Two oscillation phases were recorded in the medial group of mesencephalic reticular nuclei and the lateral nucleus of the(More)
The effect of IEM-611 (30 mg/kg) on alcohol consumption in rats under the conditions of voluntary choice between water and 15% ethanol was studied as that on alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) in postmitochondrial supernatant and in NAD-dependent aldehyde dehydrogenases (A1DH) in liver mitochondria. Administration of IEM-611 during 6 or 12 days reduces ethanol(More)