Iu A Knirel'

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A polysaccharide isolated from the degraded lipopolysaccharides of P. aeruginosa serogroup O7 (Lányi--Bergan classification) was characterized by liquid chromatography, acid hydrolysis, and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. It has molecular mass 15,000 and represents mainly a rhamnan of the structure----2)-alpha-D-Rha-(1----3)-alpha-D-Rha-(1----3)-alpha-D-Rha-(1(More)
Data on the composition and structure of O-antigens which represent polysaccharide chains of outer membrane lipopolysaccharides of gram-negative bacteria defining cell immunospecificity are reviewed with special reference to some structural features of O-antigens, such as masked regularity and occurrence in one microorganism of lipopolysaccharides with two(More)
An acidic polysaccharide from Alteromonas macleodii 2MM6 is shown to consist of tetrasaccharide repeating units containing D-galactose, 3-O-acetyl-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-L-guluronic acid and 3,6-dideoxy-3-(4-hydroxybutyramido)-D-galactose residues. On the basis of sugar analysis, 1H and 13C NMR-spectroscopy data including NOE and(More)
The review summarizes the data on the core structure of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) which represents an oligosaccharide binding the lipid moiety of the macromolecule to the O-antigenic polysaccharide chain. Both S-strains with complete LPS and R-mutants having various defects of the core biosynthesis are considered. The role of the core in the outer(More)
The main shortcoming of the modem live and killed vaccines based on gram-negative bacterial strains is their ability to cause adverse reactions. The majority of the adverse reactions are associated with the effect of biological activity of lipopolysaccharide. The report covers the problems concerned with biogenesis of the lipid A, lipopolysaccharide(More)
An acidic capsular and an O-specific polysaccharide were isolated from the marine microorganism Alteromonas haloplanktis KMM 156. Both polysaccharides have the identical structure and are built up of tetrasaccharide repeating units, containing two residues of L-rhamnose as well as a 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose and a 3-O-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-D-glucose(More)
Mild acid degradation of lipopolysaccharide from Pseudomonas aeruginosa O(3a), 3d, 3f (Lányi classification) afforded O-specific polysaccharide containing N-acetyl-D-fucosamine, 2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-D-mannuronic acid, 3-acetamidino-2-acetamido-2,3-dideoxy-L-guluronic and D-mannuronic acid as well as O-acetyl groups. On the basis of O-deacetylation,(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) have been isolated from the cells of phytopathogenic bacteria Burkholderia (Pseudomonas) solanacearum strains (representatives of I, II and IV biovars) using mild acid hydrolysis followed by gel permeation chromatography of carbohydrate residues on Sephadex G-50 to yield five O-specific polysaccharides (O-PS). The O-PS structures(More)
On the basis of acid hydrolysis, methylation, 1H and 13C NMR analysis, and calculation of specific optical rotation, the following structures were established for O-specific polysaccharides of Pseudomonas cepacia serotypes B and E: ----3)-beta-D-Galf-(1----3)-alpha-D-Fucp-(1----serotype B ----3)-beta-D-GlcpNAc-(1----3)-alpha-D-Fucp-(1----serotype E A(More)
The review is devoted to a surface carbohydrate antigen of the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa which is common for the majority of the species and has a lipopolysaccharide nature. The occurrence, detection, isolation, structure, expression on the cell surface, interaction with antibodies, an antibiotic and a bacteriophage as well as the immunotherapeutic(More)