Itzhack Polacheck

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Over the past two decades, several fungal outbreaks have occurred, including the high-profile 'Vancouver Island' and 'Pacific Northwest' outbreaks, caused by Cryptococcus gattii, which has affected hundreds of otherwise healthy humans and animals. Over the same time period, C. gattii was the cause of several additional case clusters at localities outside of(More)
The present study investigates further the population structure of Candida dubliniensis and its ability to exhibit microevolution. Using 98 isolates (including 80 oral isolates) from 94 patients in 15 countries, we confirmed the existence of two distinct populations within the species C. dubliniensis, designated Cd25 group I and Cd25 group II, respectively,(More)
Rhinocerebral mucormycosis (zygomycosis) primarily affects diabetic or immunosuppressed patients and typically progresses rapidly, necessitating surgical excision and antifungal therapy with amphotericin B. Large doses of amphotericin B are required for cure, causing significant renal toxicity. Amphotericin B colloidal dispersion (ABCD; Amphocil, Sequus(More)
Scytalidium dimidiatum, a dematiaceous fungus, has been well established as an agent of dermatomycosis. There are few reports of invasive infection caused by S. dimidiatum; most infections occurred in immunocompromised hosts. We present an immunocompetent patient with pleural S. dimidiatum infection and review nine other published cases of invasive S.(More)
OBJECTIVES We developed a novel lipid formulation of nystatin suitable for parenteral administration, nystatin-intralipid (NYT-IL), with antifungal activity and reduced toxicity in mice. We investigated the pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and immunomodulatory effect of NYT-IL in mice. METHODS Nystatin levels in serum and organs were determined using(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the possibilities that: (i) organ toxicity of amphotericin B-deoxycholate (AMB-DOC) is related to induction of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and apoptosis in target organs; and (ii) the reduced toxicity resulting from the conjugation of AMB with water-soluble arabinogalactan (AMB-AG), is(More)
The fungal meningitis pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans is a central driver of mortality in HIV/AIDS. We report a genome-scale chemical genetic data map for this pathogen that quantifies the impact of 439 small-molecule challenges on 1,448 gene knockouts. We identified chemical phenotypes for 83% of mutants screened and at least one genetic response for each(More)
Objectives: To investigate the possibilities that: (i) organ toxicity of amphotericin B-deoxycholate (AMB-DOC) is related to induction of interleukin-1b (IL-1b), tumour necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and apop-tosis in target organs; and (ii) the reduced toxicity resulting from the conjugation of AMB with water-soluble arabinogalactan (AMB-AG), is related to(More)
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