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Control plane techniques are very important for optical networks since they can enable dynamic lightpath provisioning and restoration, improve the network intelligence, and greatly reduce the processing latency and operational expenditure. In recent years, there have been great progresses in this area, ranged from the traditional generalized multi-protocol(More)
OpenFlow, which allows operators to control the network using software running on a network operating system within an external controller, has recently been proposed and experimentally validated as a promising intelligent control plane technique. To mitigate the potential scalability issue of an OpenFlow-based centralized control plane and to leverage the(More)
A path computation element (PCE) is briefly defined as a control plane functional component (physical or logical) that is able to perform constrained path computation on a graph representing (a subset of) a network. A stateful PCE is a PCE that is able to consider the set of active connections, and its development is motivated by the fact that such(More)
Current optical transport networks use optical channel carriers (wavelengths) that are defined and constrained by a fixed ITU-T dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) grid. Such a grid is not adapted to high data rates (beyond 100 Gb/s) and is inefficient when a wavelength is assigned to a low-rate optical signal. Consequently, the ITU-T is updating(More)
A virtualization architecture is presented for deploying multitenant virtual networks on top of multi-technology optical networks. A multidomain network hypervisor (MNH) and a multidomain SDN orchestrator (MSO) are introduced with this purpose. The MNH provides an abstract view of each virtual network and gives control of it to each independent customer SDN(More)
New and emerging use cases, such as the interconnection of geographically remote data centers, are drawing attention to the need for provisioning end-to-end connectivity services spanning multiple and heterogeneous network domains. This heterogeneity is due not only to the data transmission and switching technology (the so-called data plane) but also to the(More)
Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (O-OFDM), which transmits high speed optical signals using multiple spectrally overlapped lower-speed subcarriers, is a promising candidate for supporting future elastic optical networks. In contrast to previous works which focus on Coherent Optical OFDM (CO-OFDM), in this paper, we consider the(More)
The Control Orchestration Protocol (COP) abstracts a common set of control plane functions used by an various SDN controllers, allowing the interworking of heterogeneous control plane paradigms (i.e., OpenFlow, GMPLS/PCE). COP has been defined using YANG model language and can be transported using RESTconf, which is being incorporated by industry. COP has(More)