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Isolation by distance is usually tested by the correlation of genetic and geographic distances separating all pairwise populations' combinations. However, this method can be significantly biased by only a few highly diverged populations and lose the information of individual population. To detect outlier populations and investigate the relative strengths of(More)
Salmonid fishes exhibit high levels of population differentiation. In particular, the brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) demonstrates complex within river drainage genetic structure. Increasingly, these patterns can be related to the underlying evolutionary models, of which three scenarios (member-vagrant hypothesis, metapopulation model and panmixia) facilitate(More)
The white-spotted charr (Salvelinus leucomaenis) is a coldwater-adapted fish distributed in far-eastern Asia. To assess phylogeographic patterns of this species over most of its range in the Japanese archipelago and Sakhalin Island, Russia, we examined nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome b region (557 bp) in 141 individuals from(More)
Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) was eliminated by LDL-apheresis using a dextran sulfate cellulose column in 3 homozygous and 10 heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemic patients. Immediately after LDL-apheresis by the LA-15 system (continuous LDL apheresis), there were significant reductions in Lp(a) concentrations (28.6 +/- 11.8 mg/dl (mean +/- S.E.) to 9.6 +/-(More)
A novel system has been developed to control granule growth in high shear granulation. The system basically consisted of an image-processing device and a fuzzy control system. A computer-controlled image processor, an air purge unit, a high-energy xenon lighting system and an image probe with a CCD camera comprised the image processing device. A fuzzy(More)
Stream networks and watershed systems are among the most vulnerable ecosystems to human impacts such as habitat fragmentation, water pollution, logging and flow regime alterations. Loss of ecosystem functions and extinction of freshwater and riparian species have become serious issues. To understand biological processes in watershed ecosystems we need to(More)
Six homozygous, 10 heterozygous and 8 unaffected subjects in a CETP deficient family confirmed by CETP gene analysis were studied to characterize serum lipoproteins separated by ultracentrifugation, and to examine the relations between CETP levels and lipoprotein lipid concentration and composition. The serum CETP levels were measured by radioimmunoassay(More)
Fishermen often anecdotally report an unexpected increase of fish caught in small tributary streams during floods, presumably due to refuge-seeking behavior from the main stem. From a population perspective, this implies the significance of refuge habitats and connectivity for population viability against natural disturbances. Despite the plausibility,(More)
Invasion status and impacts of nonnative brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in a Hokkaido stream were investigated with field surveys and genetic analyses. Nonnative brook trout was detected in nine (41 %) of the 22 sampled reaches in three tributaries of the Sorachi River, Hokkaido, Japan. Based on the external pigmentation, twelve putative hybrids(More)
Introductions of non-native species have caused various negative impacts on native species and their ecosystems. Hybridization is particularly prevalent among closely related species, and can result in displacement, hybrid swarms, or the disruption of a locally adapted gene complex. Although hybridization between native and non-native species is widespread,(More)