Itsuo Yokoyama

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Hypercapnia and hypocapnia produce cerebral vasodilation and vasoconstriction, respectively. However, regional differences in the vascular response to changes in Paco2 in the human brain are not pronounced. In the current study, these regional differences were evaluated. In each of the 11 healthy subjects, cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured using(More)
We have studied cyclopiazonic acid (CPA)-sensitive store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in cultured neurons and astrocytes and examined the effect of 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]]isothiourea (KB-R7943), which is often used as a selective inhibitor of the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), on the SOCE. CPA increased transiently intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
We have developed a method for the noninvasive estimation of regional tissue glucose utilization in humans that employs positron emission tomography (PET) and 2-(18F)fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG). Unlike other methods, the input function used in this method is obtained from the corrected time-activity curve of the descending aorta, not the left ventricle,(More)
The incidence of portal vein thrombosis was examined in 885 patients who received orthotopic liver transplantations for various end-stage liver diseases between 1989 and 1990. The thrombosis was classified into four grades. Grade 1 was thrombosis of intrahepatic portal vein branches, grade 2 was thrombosis of the right or left portal branch or at the(More)
Lipid peroxidation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases. As a major product of membrane lipid peroxidation, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) appears after various kinds of oxidative stress, and is known to induce cell growth inhibition. We here analysed the HNE-mediated signal transduction cascade for the growth inhibition of human epidermoid(More)
A clinical evaluation of arterial infusion of high-molecular-weight antitumor agent SMANCS dissolved in lipid lymphographic agent (thiodol) in 44 patients with mostly unresectable hepatoma is described. The treatment regimen demonstrated significant merits both therapeutically and diagnostically. Marked antitumor effects were shown in the decreased serum(More)
During the 10-year period (1980 to 1989), 76 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were treated by subtotal hepatic resection (HX) and 105 patients by orthotopic liver transplantation (TX) under cyclosporine-steroid therapy. Overall 1- to 5-year survival rates of the HX group were 71.1%, 55.0%, 47.2%, 37.2%, and 32.9%, respectively, and those of the(More)
OBJECTIVES We analyzed myocardial flow reserve (MFR) in patients with non-insulin-dependent (type II) diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) without symptoms and signs of ischemia. BACKGROUND Diminished MFR in diabetes has been suggested. However, it remains controversial whether MFR is related to glycemic control, mode of therapy or gender in NIDDM. METHODS(More)
UNLABELLED Abnormal heart and skeletal muscle glucose metabolism in diabetes or essential hypertension has been demonstrated. However, the role of hypertension in heart and skeletal muscle glucose utilization in diabetes has not been clarified yet. METHODS We compared heart and skeletal muscle glucose utilization using PET and the whole-body glucose(More)
One hundred and fifteen patients underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for primary liver malignancy. Overall survivals of these patients were significantly lower than those of patients with non-malignant diseases (5-year survival rates 37% and 65%, respectively). Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was the most common malignancy among our patients (n(More)