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Mathematical models of the action potential in the periphery and center of the rabbit sinoatrial (SA) node have been developed on the basis of published experimental data. Simulated action potentials are consistent with those recorded experimentally: the model-generated peripheral action potential has a more negative takeoff potential, faster upstroke, more(More)
This article focuses on the regional heterogeneity of the mammalian sinoatrial (SA) node in terms of cell morphology, pacemaker activity, action potential configuration and conduction, densities of ionic currents (i(Na), i(Ca,L), i(to), i(K,r), i(K,s) and i(f)), expression of gap junction proteins (Cx40, Cx43 and Cx45), autonomic regulation, and ageing.(More)
1. Single cells were isolated from rabbit sino-atrial (SA) node by enzymatic dissociation. Spontaneous action potentials and membrane currents were recorded using the whole-cell patch clamp technique to study the relationship between electrical activity and the size of the cells. 2. The size of SA node cells was estimated by measuring the cell capacitance.(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality and morbidity rates of various cardiovascular diseases differ between Western countries and Japan. The age- and gender-specific prevalence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the general population of Japan was determined using the data from periodic health examinations in 2003. METHODS Data of 630,138 subjects aged 40 years or(More)
Effects of bepridil, a new antianginal and potential antiarrhythmic agent, on transmembrane action potentials of ventricular muscles were examined in isolated right ventricular papillary muscles of guinea-pig. Bepridil at concentrations above 5 X 10(-6)M caused a dose-dependent decrease in both the maximum upstroke velocity (Vmax) and the action potential(More)
In order to study regional differences in membrane properties within the sinus node, we have investigated the electrical activity of small specimens of tissue (∼0.3 mm in diameter) that have been prepared from the central, transitional and peripheral areas of the rabbit sinus node. The action potential upstroke velocity and overshoot as well as the maximum(More)
Vesnarinone, a cardiotonic agent, blocks I(Kr) and, unlike other I(Kr) blockers, produces a frequency-dependent prolongation of action potential duration (APD). To elucidate the mechanisms, we studied the effects of vesnarinone on HERG, the cloned human I(Kr) channel, heterologously expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Vesnarinone caused a(More)
Carvedilol ((+/-)-1-(carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-[[2-(o-methoxyphenoxy)ethyl]am ino]-2-propanol), a beta-adrenoceptor-blocking agent with vasodilator properties, has been reported to produce dose-related improvements in left ventricular function and reduction in mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. However, its electrophysiological effects have not(More)
Transplant of immature cardiomyocytes is recently attracting a great deal of interest as a new experimental strategy for the treatment of failing hearts. Full understanding of normal cardiomyogenesis is essential to make this regenerative therapy feasible. We analyzed the molecular and functional changes of Ca(2+) handling proteins during development of the(More)
1. The electrical activity of sinoatrial node cells is heterogeneous. To understand the reasons for this, the density of the delayed-rectifier K+ current and its two components, i(K,r) and i(K,s), as a function of the size (as measured by cell capacitance) of rabbit sinoatrial node cells was investigated using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique at 35(More)