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Mathematical models of the action potential in the periphery and center of the rabbit sinoatrial (SA) node have been developed on the basis of published experimental data. Simulated action potentials are consistent with those recorded experimentally: the model-generated peripheral action potential has a more negative takeoff potential, faster upstroke, more(More)
BACKGROUND There is an effort to build an anatomically and biophysically detailed virtual heart, and, although there are models for the atria and ventricles, there is no model for the sinoatrial node (SAN). For the SAN to show pacemaking and drive atrial muscle, theoretically, there should be a gradient in electrical coupling from the center to the(More)
Gprotein-activated inwardly rectifying K+ channel (GIRK or Kir3) currents are inhibited by mechanical stretch of the cell membrane, but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. In Xenopus oocytes heterologously expressing GIRK channels, membrane stretch induced by 50% reduction of osmotic pressure caused a prompt reduction of GIRK1/4, GIRK1, and GIRK4(More)
Knowledge of the initiation of electrical and contractile activity in the embryonic heart relies to a large extent on data obtained in chicken. In recent years, molecular biological techniques have raised an interest in mouse physiology, including early embryonic development. We studied action potentials and the occurrence of one of the pacemaker currents,(More)
The mechanism of nicorandil-induced large inward tail current (Itail) in single guinea-pig ventricular cells was investigated using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. In the presence of 0.5-1.0 mM nicorandil, an activator of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K+ current (IKATP), a depolarization pulse causing a large outward current was followed(More)
BACKGROUND Class III antiarrhythmic agents commonly exhibit reverse frequency-dependent prolongation of the action potential duration (APD). This is undesirable because of the danger of bradycardia-related arrhythmias and the limited protection against ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The effects of blockade of separate components of delayed rectifier K(+)(More)
AIMS Atrial dilatation and myocardial stretch are strongly associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the mechanisms by which the three-dimensional (3D) atrial architecture and heterogeneous stretch contribute to AF perpetuation are incompletely understood. We compared AF dynamics during stretch-related AF (pressure: 12 cmH(2)O) in normal sheep(More)
Effects of block of the rapid delayed rectifier K+ current (IK,r) by E-4031 on the electrical activity of small ball-like tissue preparations from different regions of the rabbit sinoatrial node were measured. The effects of partial block of IK,r by 0.1 microM E-4031 varied in different regions of the node. In tissue from the center of the node spontaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Sustained bradycardia is associated with long-QT syndrome in human beings and causes spontaneous torsades de pointes in rabbits with chronic atrioventricular block (CAVB), at least partly by downregulating delayed-rectifier K(+)-current to cause action potential (AP) prolongation. We addressed the importance of altered Ca(2+) handling, studying(More)
1. The effects of brief postganglionic vagal nerve stimulation on electrical activity in different regions of the rabbit sino-atrial node and surrounding atrial muscle were recorded. 2. At the centre of the node (the leading pacemaker site), the brief stimulation resulted in a large hyperpolarization followed by a depolarization and a shortening of the(More)