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The field of drug testing currently needs a new integrated assay system, as accurate as systems using native tissues, that will allow us to predict arrhythmia risks of candidate drugs and the relationship between genetic mutations and acquired electrophysiological phenotypes. This could be accomplished by combining the microelectrode array (MEA) system with(More)
Intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) are regulated in a spatiotemporal manner via both entry of extracellular Ca2+ and mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 1 (mGluR1) is a G protein-coupled receptor that stimulates the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-Ca2+ signaling cascade, whereas Cav2.1 is a(More)
In mammals, the master circadian pacemaker is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. The SCN is thought to drive peripheral oscillators by controlling neuronal and humoral signals that can entrain the peripheral clocks. Here, we show that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a proinflammatory compound known to have diverse biological effects,(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGluR1) plays a crucial role in synaptic plasticity and motor learning in the cerebellum. We have studied activity-dependent changes in mGluR1 function in mouse cultured Purkinje neurons. Depolarizing stimulation potentiated Ca2+ and current responses to an mGluR1 agonist for several hours in the cultured Purkinje neurons.(More)
BACKGROUND There are no cures or efficacious treatments for severe motor neuron diseases. It is extremely difficult to obtain naïve spinal motor neurons (sMNs) from human tissues for research due to both technical and ethical reasons. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are alternative sources. Several methods for MN differentiation have been reported.(More)
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), including embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells, are potentially useful in regenerative therapies for heart disease. For medical applications, clinical-grade cardiac cells must be produced from hPSCs in a defined, cost-effective manner. Cell-based screening led to the discovery of KY02111, a small(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea is common in patients with diabetes. Recently, it was reported that short sleep duration and sleepiness had deleterious effects on glucose metabolism. Thereafter, several reports showed relationships between glucose metabolism and obstructive sleep apnoea, sleep duration or sleepiness. But the interrelationships among those factors(More)
Utilizing human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in cell-based therapy and drug discovery requires large-scale cell production. However, scaling up conventional adherent cultures presents challenges of maintaining a uniform high quality at low cost. In this regard, suspension cultures are a viable alternative, because they are scalable and do not require(More)
BACKGROUND Electrospun nanofibers have been widely used as substrata for mammalian cell culture owing to their structural similarity to natural extracellular matrices. Structurally consistent electrospun nanofibers can be produced with synthetic polymers but require chemical modification to graft cell-adhesive molecules to make the nanofibers functional.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To examine (1) the prevalence of home-monitored sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in a Japanese working population and (2) whether home monitoring with a type 3 portable monitor and actigraphy can produce reliable data to analyze SDB in usual lifestyles. METHODS A cross-sectional survey using a(More)