Itsuki Ajioka

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One of the major goals of tissue engineering is to establish an integrated organ in vivo. We have previously shown that transfection of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene into hepatocytes promotes tissue formation by engrafted cells. Here we show that tissue growth was significantly enhanced by co-transplantation of hepatocyte growth factor(More)
A complex vascular network forms an important component of the liver architecture. This network is essential for the supply of oxygen and nutrients to cells and delivery of molecules for metabolic exchange. In this study, we attempted to construct a vascular network in transplanted hepatic tissues and examined the effect of such network on tissue formation.(More)
The handling of hepatocytes, a major cell population in the liver, is an important technique in both liver tissue engineering and hepatology. However, these cells are so fragile that it has been impossible to harvest hepatocytes with high viability from tissue culture dishes after a period of culture in vitro. In this study, we employed an artificial(More)
Mature adult parenchymal hepatocytes can enter the S phase in the presence of growth factors such as HGF and EGF, but rarely proliferate in culture. We hypothesized that the cell cycle of hepatocytes in culture is restricted before G(2)/M phase and we attempted to identify the factor that induces cell cycle progression. We found that the conditioned medium(More)
Regulation in expression and activation of proteinases is one of the most important mechanisms in organ morphogenesis. In this study, we investigated the expression of MMPs in primary hepatocytes and their roles in liver remodeling. A hepatocyte proliferation initiating cytokine, TNFalpha, induced MMP-9 expression in these cells while the expression of(More)
Like most other normal cells, human endothelial cells possess a limited replicative life span, and, after multiple passages in vitro, develop an arrest in cell division referred to as replicative senescence. For many cell types senescence can be delayed by oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes or prevented altogether by malignant transformation; however, once(More)
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