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Mannose (or mannan)-binding lectin (MBL) is an oligomeric serum lectin that plays a role in innate immunity by activating the complement system. In human, two types of MBL-associated serine protease (MASP-1 and MASP-2) and a truncated protein of MASP-2 (small MBL-associated protein; sMAP or MAp19) are complexed with MBL. To clarify the proteolytic(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) activates complement through MBL-associated serine proteases (MASP). A deficiency in MBL due to mutations at exon 1 of the human MBL gene is reported to cause vulnerability to infection. We examined sera of known MBL genotype by gel filtration and assessed their elution patterns using an ELISA for MBL and identified two MBL(More)
We developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for human serum mannose binding protein (MBP), an animal lectin known to function as opsonin and complement activator. A total of 1085 normal Japanese sera from individuals ranging in age from 3 to 100 years old and additional body fluids were measured for the MBP level. Individual serum MBP levels(More)
To confirm and extend our previous microspectrophotometric observations of 30-week-old male Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, an animal model of human Wilson's disease, we analyzed the porphyrin patterns of the organs, urine, and plasma of LEC rats. Abnormal accumulation of porphyrins, especially highly carboxylated porphyrins (uro- and heptaporphyrin), in(More)
We determined the presence in human serum of a complex consisting of mannose-binding protein (MBP), MBP-associated serine protease (MASP), which is a C1s-like protein with complement activation activity, and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M). Binding between these three molecules was in an ascending order of MBP, MASP and alpha 2M, in that alpha 2M bound(More)
Although the immunopathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) remains unknown, familial clustering of patients with PBC suggests an important role for genetic factors. In addition, recent data support the thesis that the mucosal immune response against intraluminal pathogens may be involved with the onset of PBC. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a key(More)
We developed an ELISA for human serum MASP-1, a C1s-like serine protease which is known to function in C4 and C2 activation. We then determined MASP-1 levels in 1063 sera from normal Japanese subjects ranging in age from 3 to 100 years, as well as in certain body fluids using this assay. Individual serum MASP-1 levels ranged from 1.48 to 12.83 microg/ml,(More)
Changes in serum levels of mannose-binding protein (MBP) from day 0 through day 5 after birth were analyzed for normal newborn infants. A considerable amount of MBP (about 1 microgram/ml) was already present in serum at birth. This level started to elevate from day 2 and attained the highest level in a human lifetime (about 2.5 micrograms/ml) within 5 days(More)
AIM To determine if the diuretic spironolactone cross reacts with 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) in an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit used for the mass screening of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. METHODS Concentrations of 17OHP on a blood filter paper disc were measured using an ELISA kit (kit C-7: ENZAPLATE N-17alpha -OHP-7; Chiron,(More)