Itaru Kushima

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BACKGROUND Solid evidence links schizophrenia (SZ) susceptibility to neurodevelopmental processes involving tyrosine phosphorylation-mediated signaling. Mouse studies implicate the Ptpra gene, encoding protein tyrosine phosphatase RPTPα, in the control of radial neuronal migration, cortical cytoarchitecture, and oligodendrocyte differentiation. The human(More)
The aim of the current study was to examine the association of KREMEN1 and DKK1, two wnt pathway-related genes with schizophrenia in Japanese subjects. We genotyped 16 common genetic variants within the aforementioned genes and examined their associations with schizophrenia. Results demonstrated that a common variant in the promoter region of KREMEN1 might(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex psychiatric disorder characterized by positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive impairment. MAGI2, a relatively large gene (∼1.5 Mbps) that maps to chromosome 7q21, is involved in recruitment of neurotransmitter receptors such as AMPA- and NMDA-type glutamate receptors. A genetic association study designed to evaluate(More)
In recently completed Japanese genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of schizophrenia (JPN_GWAS) one of the top association signals was detected in the region of VAV3, a gene that maps to the chromosome 1p13.3. In order to complement JPN_GWAS findings, we tested the association of rs1410403 with brain structure in healthy individuals and schizophrenic(More)
Recently, ubiquitin-specific peptidase 46 (Usp46) has been identified as a quantitative trait gene responsible for immobility in the tail suspension test and forced swimming test in mice. Mice with 3-bp deletion in Usp46 exhibited loss of 'behavioral despair' under inescapable stresses in addition to abnormalities in circadian behavioral rhythms and the(More)
The ubiquitin ligase F-box protein 45 (FBXO45) is critical for synaptogenesis, neuronal migration, and synaptic transmission. FBXO45 is included in the 3q29 microdeletion region that confers a significant risk for schizophrenia, as shown by rare structural variant studies. Thus, FBXO45 is considered a prominent candidate for mediating schizophrenia(More)
BACKGROUND Using a knock-out mouse model, it was shown that NETO1 is a critical component of the NMDAR complex, and that loss of Neto1 leads to impaired hippocampal long term potentiation and hippocampal-dependent learning and memory. Moreover, hemizygosity of NETO1 was shown to be associated with autistic-like behavior in humans. PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH(More)
Chromosome 22q13 region has been implicated in schizophrenia in several linkage studies. Genes within this locus are therefore promising genetic and biologic candidate genes for schizophrenia if they are expressed in the brain or predicted to have some role in brain development. A recent study reported that bromodomain-containing 1 gene (BRD1), located in(More)
Both schizophrenia (SCZ) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neuropsychiatric disorders with overlapping genetic etiology. Protocadherin 15 (PCDH15), which encodes a member of the cadherin super family that contributes to neural development and function, has been cited as a risk gene for neuropsychiatric disorders. Recently, rare variants of large(More)
Rare inherited variations in multiplex families with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are suggested to play a major role in the genetic etiology of ASD. To further investigate the role of rare inherited variations, we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) in two families, each with three affected siblings. We also performed a two-stage follow-up case-control(More)