Itaru Kushima

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BACKGROUND Our genome-wide association study of schizophrenia found association signals at the Kalirin gene (KALRN) and EPH receptor B1 gene (EPHB1) in a Japanese population. The importance of these synaptogenic pathway genes in schizophrenia is gaining independent supports. Although there has been growing interest in rare (<1%) missense mutations as(More)
BACKGROUND Several investigations have reported that abnormalities in circadian rhythms might be related to the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) and the therapeutic response to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Recently, ubiquitin-specific peptidase 46 (USP46), a new molecule related to the circadian clock system, has been(More)
BACKGROUND Nuclear distribution E homolog 1 (NDE1), located within chromosome 16p13.11, plays an essential role in microtubule organization, mitosis, and neuronal migration and has been suggested by several studies of rare copy number variants to be a promising schizophrenia (SCZ) candidate gene. Recently, increasing attention has been paid to rare(More)
Duplications at 15q11.2-q13.3 overlapping the Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome (PWS/AS) region have been associated with developmental delay (DD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia (SZ). Due to presence of imprinted genes within the region, the parental origin of these duplications may be key to the pathogenicity. Duplications of maternal(More)
BACKGROUND Solid evidence links schizophrenia (SZ) susceptibility to neurodevelopmental processes involving tyrosine phosphorylation-mediated signaling. Mouse studies implicate the Ptpra gene, encoding protein tyrosine phosphatase RPTPα, in the control of radial neuronal migration, cortical cytoarchitecture, and oligodendrocyte differentiation. The human(More)
The aim of the current study was to examine the association of KREMEN1 and DKK1, two wnt pathway-related genes with schizophrenia in Japanese subjects. We genotyped 16 common genetic variants within the aforementioned genes and examined their associations with schizophrenia. Results demonstrated that a common variant in the promoter region of KREMEN1 might(More)
In recently completed Japanese genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of schizophrenia (JPN_GWAS) one of the top association signals was detected in the region of VAV3, a gene that maps to the chromosome 1p13.3. In order to complement JPN_GWAS findings, we tested the association of rs1410403 with brain structure in healthy individuals and schizophrenic(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex psychiatric disorder characterized by positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive impairment. MAGI2, a relatively large gene (∼1.5 Mbps) that maps to chromosome 7q21, is involved in recruitment of neurotransmitter receptors such as AMPA- and NMDA-type glutamate receptors. A genetic association study designed to evaluate(More)
The ubiquitin ligase F-box protein 45 (FBXO45) is critical for synaptogenesis, neuronal migration, and synaptic transmission. FBXO45 is included in the 3q29 microdeletion region that confers a significant risk for schizophrenia, as shown by rare structural variant studies. Thus, FBXO45 is considered a prominent candidate for mediating schizophrenia(More)
Both schizophrenia (SCZ) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neuropsychiatric disorders with overlapping genetic etiology. Protocadherin 15 (PCDH15), which encodes a member of the cadherin super family that contributes to neural development and function, has been cited as a risk gene for neuropsychiatric disorders. Recently, rare variants of large(More)