Itaru Kihara

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Aquaporin (AQP) 5 gene was recently isolated from salivary gland and identified as a member of the AQP family. The mRNA expression and localization have been examined in several organs. The present study was focused on elucidation of AQP5 expression and localization in the eye, salivary gland, and lung in rat. RNase protection assay confirmed intense(More)
BACKGROUND Slit diaphragms are intercellular junctions of podocytes of the renal glomerulus. The molecular composition of slit diaphragms is still elusive. Slit diaphragms are characterized by the presence of a wide intercellular space. The morphological feature is shared by desmosomes and adherens junctions, which contain members of the cadherin(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome. Although the pathogenesis is not known, recent studies suggest that FSGS may be a podocyte disease. The aim of this study was to look for podocyte injury in this disease, using measurements of urinary podocytes. METHODS We examined the first morning urine of(More)
Ribonuclease protection assay was used to demonstrate mRNA expression of several cytokines as well as inducible NO synthase (iNOS), constitutive endothelial NO synthase (cNOS) and perforin in the myocardium during the course of experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in rats. Interleukin 2 (IL-2) appeared in the initial inflammatory phase (day 14),(More)
Immunofluorescent study of urine sediments was performed to detect glomerular epithelial cell injuries using specific monoclonal antibody against podocalyxin, a glycoprotein that is prominently expressed on glomerular epithelial cells. Three kinds of structures (casts, granules and cells) were stained in urine sediments from various glomerular diseases. The(More)
A family of water-selective channels, aquaporins (AQP), has been demonstrated in various organs and tissues. However, the localization and expression of the AQP family members in the gastrointestinal tract have not been entirely elucidated. This study aimed to demonstrate the expression and distribution of several types of the AQP family and to speculate on(More)
The presence of desmin, regarded as a marker of myogenic cells, in glomerular epithelial cells (GECs) of the kidney was studied in four strains of rat (SHR, Lewis, Fischer 344, WKA) by immunofluorescence microscopy and immunoelectron microscopy. Some of the GECs were stained with both monoclonal and polyclonal anti-desmin antibodies. The frequency of(More)
Previously it was shown that urine from patients with nephritis contains podocytes and their fragments (podocalyxin [PCX]-positive granular structures [PPGS]), reflecting the degree of podocyte injury. The present study was designed to trace PPGS to their origin. Urine samples and renal biopsy specimens from 53 children with nephrotic syndrome and nephritis(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize visceral epithelial cells (VECs) of renal glomeruli in culture. Such cells have been described variably as regular, polygonal cells showing a high rate of replication and a cobblestone-like appearance at confluence and also as irregular, arborized and often multinucleated cells showing a very(More)
The mRNA expression and localization of the aquaporin (AQP) family in rat kidney were examined by ribonuclease protection assay and immunohistochemistry. AQP1, AQP2, AQP3, and AQP4 mRNA were hardly detectable in 16-day gestation fetuses. AQP1 mRNA was explosively expressed at 1 wk, keeping the level throughout life. AQP2 mRNA expression was apparently(More)