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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression by targeting mRNAs and triggering either translation repression or RNA degradation. Their aberrant expression may be involved in human diseases, including cancer. Indeed, miRNA aberrant expression has been previously found in human chronic lymphocytic leukemias, where miRNA(More)
PURPOSE Recent small-sized genomic studies on the identification of breast cancer bioprofiles have led to profoundly dishomogenous results. Thus, we sought to identify distinct tumor profiles with possible clinical relevance based on clusters of immunohistochemical molecular markers measured on a large, single institution, case series. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND The widespread use of diagnostic breast imaging has yielded an increase in the detection of in situ, microinvasive, and small invasive carcinomas and has provided opportunities to study the earliest stages of breast carcinoma development. The authors of this report analyzed the pathobiologic features of 577 minimal breast carcinomas (MBCs),(More)
Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) represents a common and important clinical problem. There is evidence that most CUPs are metastases of carcinomas whose primary site cannot be recognized. Driven by the hypothesis that the knowledge of primary cancer could improve patient's prognosis, we investigated microRNA expression profiling as a tool for identifying the(More)
AIMS To determine cell proliferation in infiltrating breast carcinomas. METHODS Using the MIB-1 monoclonal antibody, the proliferation index was measured in paraffin wax sections of 871 breast cancers. The MIB-1 proliferation index was compared with other markers of disease progression: size, lymph node status, histotype, oestrogen and progesterone(More)
Colon carcinomas with microsatellite mutator phenotype exhibit specific genetic and clinico-pathological features. This report describes the analysis of 63 "microsatellite instability-high" (MSI-H) tumors for the presence of mutations in microsatellites located in the coding regions (CDRs) of 6 genes: TGFbetaRII, BAX, hMSH3, hMSH6, IGFIIR, and BLM. The(More)
Between November 1, 1983 and June 30, 1987, 510 node-positive, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients have been randomly allocated to receive either chemotherapy (six intravenous [IV] cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil [CMF] courses followed by four IV epirubicin courses) or 5 years of tamoxifen treatment or a combination of(More)
In 74 in situ breast cancers an immunohistochemical study for estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, proliferation index (PI), and c-erbB-2, p53, and bcl-2 overexpression was performed. Cases were categorized as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) comedo: 24.3% of cases; DCIS non comedo: 27% of cases; DCIS cribriform: 5.4% of cases; lobular carcinoma in(More)
90K (Mac-2 BP) expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in paraffin-embedded tissue from a consecutive series of lymph-node negative breast cancer patients who did not receive adjuvant systemic treatment. An independent series of patients served as validation set. The association of 90K expression with risk of recurrence and death was examined in(More)
Chromosome 11p15 deletion is frequent in human tumors, suggesting the presence of at least one tumor suppressor gene within this region. While mutation analyses of local genes revealed only rare mutations, we have previously described a mechanism, gain of imprinting, that leads to loss of expression of genes located on the maternal 11p15 chromosome in human(More)