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UNLABELLED We performed meta-analyses of randomized, control trials to assess the effects of seven analgesic therapies on postoperative pulmonary function after a variety of procedures: epidural opioid, epidural local anesthetic, epidural opioid with local anesthetic, thoracic versus lumbar epidural opioid, intercostal nerve block, wound infiltration with(More)
The present study was designed to investigate relationships between urinary free pyridinolines (F-Pyr), serum osteocalcin (OC) and appendicular bone mineral density (BMD). Furthermore, possible correlations between such variables and putative risk factors for low bone density were also analysed. We were not able to find any relationships between biochemical(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relation between residential exposure to radon and lung cancer. METHODS A literature search was performed using Medline and other sources. The quality of studies was assessed. Adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the risk of lung cancer among categories of levels of exposure to radon were extracted. For(More)
OBJECTIVE Sexually transmitted infections (STI) among adolescents continue to be an important public health problem for many industrialized and developing countries. This study evaluated knowledge and behaviour in adolescents regarding prevention of STI. METHODS Information was obtained by using self-reported questionnaire from a random sample of 644(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate antimicrobial resistance, in particular to vancomycin, of enterococci in samples (100) of meat (beef, chicken, turkey, lamb, and pork) sold in retail outlets of Catanzaro (Italy). Enterococci were identified to the species level. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests for a large spectrum of antibiotics including(More)
OBJECTIVES Individual epidemiological investigations into the association between chlorination by-products in drinking water and cancer have been suggestive but inconclusive. Enough studies exist to provide the basis for a meaningful meta-analysis. METHODS An extensive literature search was performed to identify pertinent case-control studies and cohort(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare outcomes during conventional analgesia (as-needed intramuscular dosing) and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in postoperative patients by analyzing data from published comparative trials. DESIGN Meta-analyses of 15 randomized control trials. PATIENTS Seven hundred eighty-seven adult patients (aged 16 to 65) undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND Ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSC), such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, are conditions that can be managed with timely and effective outpatient care reducing the need of hospitalization. Avoidable hospitalizations for ACSC have been used to assess access, quality and(More)
This study assesses knowledge, attitudes, and behavioural intention towards human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and vaccination in a random sample of 1348 adolescents and young women aged 14-24 years in Italy. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire covered demographics; knowledge about HPV infection, cervical cancer, and HPV vaccine; the perceived(More)
BACKGROUND Meta-analysis was used to assess the clinical efficacy of local delivery of tetracycline alone or as an adjunct to conventional mechanical therapy in patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS Studies were identified in MEDLINE and others sources. Meta-analyses were performed on the basis of probing depth (PD) at baseline, type of(More)