Italo Balzani

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Power spectral analysis (PSA) of heart-rate variations has recently proved a useful tool in evaluating cardiovascular autonomic activity. It offers the possibility of examining both the functioning of parasympathetic and sympathetic pathways through breakdown into two frequency bands, and of their effects on heart-rate cyclic variability. We applied an(More)
In this paper we apply spectral analysis methods to heart rate variability to assess the autonomic nervous system activity in normal subjects and in patients affected by different degrees of diabetic autonomic neuropathy. The current opinion, based on different clinical tests, is that parasympathetic impairment occurs earlier in autonomic dysfunctions.(More)
BACKGROUND About 2.5% of patients with idiopathic peripheral neuropathy or idiopathic dysautonomia have underlying celiac disease (CD). Antibodies to ganglioside have been reported in CD patients with neuropathy. No data are so far available on the presence in CD of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibodies. Muscle AChR antibodies are found in patients with(More)
The Valsalva manoeuvre (VM), a forced expiratory effort against a closed airway, has a wide range of applications in several medical disciplines, including diagnosing heart problems or autonomic nervous system deficiencies. The changes of the intrathoracic and intra-abdominal pressure associated with the manoeuvre result in a complex cardiovascular response(More)
Spectral analysis of the R-R variability signal has been used for assessing the autonomic regulation of heart rate in control subjects and in diabetic patients affected by autonomic neuropathy. Modifications of the parasympathetic-sympathetic balance following postural changes, as observed in normal subjects, were not significant in autonomic patients. In(More)
The Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) used for clinical autonomic testing results in a complex cardiovascular response with a concomitant action of several regulatory mechanisms whose nonlinear interactions are difficult to analyse without the aid of a mathematical model. The article presents a new non-pulsatile compartmental model of the human cardiovascular system(More)
The Valsalva maneuver (VM) consisting in a forced expiration against closed airways is one of the most popular clinical tests of the autonomic nervous system function. When properly performed by a healthy subject, it features four characteristic phases of arterial blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) variations, based on the magnitude of which the(More)
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